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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Norris City in White County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

War Emergency Pipeline

 
 
War Emergency Pipeline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, August 11, 2020
1. War Emergency Pipeline Marker
Inscription.  Before the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and entry of the United States into World War II, 95 percent of the crude oil delivered to east coast oil refineries was transported by tanker ships with 90 percent of that oil from Texas oil fields. In 1942, oil tankers from the Gulf of Mexico were being sunk by German submarines at the rate of three per day. A committee appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt recommended an overland pipeline be built from Longview, Texas, to Norris City, Illinois.

Work began at Longview, Texas, on August 3, 1942, with a dedication ceremony at Norris City upon completion on February 19, 1943. Newspapers and radio stations recorded the event. Newsreels of the event were shown prior to movies in theaters all over America. The first day 60,000 barrels of crude oil flowed into Norris City. The first train load of oil (96 oil tankers) left Norris City the night of the dedication headed for eastern oil refineries.

Fifteen 80,000 barrel storage tanks were built plus three loading racks to load tank cars on the New York Central train tracks, 13,500 barrels of crude oil were received hourly
War Emergency Pipeline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, August 11, 2020
2. War Emergency Pipeline Marker
Marker is in front of the grounds of Texas Eastern Commission
on this pipeline. Between February 19 and September 1, 1943, the railroad hauled 124,193 tankers of oil out of Norris City. The War Emergency Pipeline put 3,500 people to work building the pipeline.

The pipeline's impact on the war effort was tremendous. Enabling the safe and timely transport of oil vital to the Allies during the height of wartime service.
 
Erected 2018 by Enbridge-Texas Eastern Company and the Illinois State Historical Society.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceRailroads & StreetcarsWar, World II. In addition, it is included in the Illinois State Historical Society series list.
 
Location. 37° 58.859′ N, 88° 18.967′ W. Marker is in Norris City, Illinois, in White County. Marker is on East Main Street west of Illinois Route 1, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 304 Co Rd 16, Norris City IL 62869, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The First Presbyterian Church In Illinois (approx. 4 miles away); Homestead of Judge Samuel Elder (approx. 13˝ miles away); Eldorado (approx. 13˝ miles away); Meeting House
War Emergency Pipeline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, August 11, 2020
3. War Emergency Pipeline Marker
Looking west into town
(approx. 13.6 miles away); The Kaskaskia Trail (approx. 13.6 miles away).
 
More about this marker. Though the marker says the year was 2018, it wasn't actually dedicated until Veteran's Day 2019 (November 11), according to the Illinois State Historical Society's website.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 12, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 12, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 12, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.
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Jan. 18, 2021