Easton in Northampton County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Birthplace of Crayola®
Karl Stirner Arts Trail
— City of Easton, Pennsylvania —
Edwin Binney and his cousin C. Harold Smith inherited a pigment business in 1885 from Edwin's father Joseph. The cousins formed a partnership and called their company Binney & Smith. Early products include red oxide pigment used in barn paint and carbon black for car tires. The company began producing slate school pencils in 1900 in a mill located along the Bushkill Creek, approximately 1 mile upstream from the 13th Street Bridge.
The company produced the first box of eight Crayola® crayons in 1903, selling for a nickel. The Pigment Division was sold in 1955 and the company focused on its art materials business. In 1978, the company moved the bulk of its Pennsylvania-based manufacturing from its existing facilities along Bushkill Creek to another plant located in Forks Township.
In 1996, the 100 billionth Crayola® crayon rolled off the production line. Also during that year, the company opened The Crayola FACTORY®, a 20,000 square foot creativity and visitors' center on the Centre Square in Easton, which has served as a cornerstone of the revitalization of downtown
Crayola®'s roots can be traced to the Peekskill Chemical Works, a charcoal and lamp black company founded by Joseph Binney in 1864 in upstate New York. Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith (pictured here) formed a partnership to continue the business upon Joseph's retirement in 1885.
The word "Crayola®" was coined by Edwin Binney's wife Alice. It comes from "craie," the French word for chalk, and "ola," the root of the word "oleaginous", meaning "oily".
Erected by City of Easton, Pennsylvania.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Arts, Letters, Music • Industry & Commerce. In addition, it is included in the Pennsylvania, Easton, Karl Stirner Arts Trail series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1885.
Location. 40° 41.778′ N, 75° 13.662′ W. Marker is in Easton, Pennsylvania, in Northampton County. Marker is on Karl Stirner Arts Trail just east of North 13th Street, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 521 N 13th St, Easton PA 18042, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cradle of the American Silk Industry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); R & H Simon Silk Mill (about 300 feet away); Nobori, 2010 (approx. Peter Kichlein, Sr. (approx. 0.3 miles away); Charles A. Wikoff (approx. 0.4 miles away); Easton Cemetery (approx. half a mile away); Traill Green (approx. half a mile away); Edgar Moore Green (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Easton.
Additional keywords. The Birthplace of Crayola®
Credits. This page was last revised on October 4, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 4, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 301 times since then and 105 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 4, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.