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Steelville in Crawford County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Crawford County Court House

History of the Courthouse

 
 
Crawford County Court House Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 19, 2020
1. Crawford County Court House Marker
Inscription.  

When Crawford County’s boundaries extended to include most of Phelps and part of Dent Counties, the county seat was located at the mouth of the Little Piney River. The court met in the two-story hewn-log house of James Harrison.

After a reduction in county size a meeting to organize Crawford County took place on February 23, 1834. Liberty Hill served as a temporary county seat until the commissioners located the permanent seat at Steelville in 1835.

The county court records indicate no attempt at construction of a courthouse until May 1837. At that time M. W. Trask, superintendent of the courthouse, provided a plan for a brick 1-1/2 story courthouse that would measure about 26 by 30 feet. The court approved the plan, but apparently the building did not immediately proceed in spite of an $800 appropriation.

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In August 1837 a clerk’s office was being built, which the court intended to use. But in November the court was paying Simeon Frost rent for a house in which to hold court. In November the court authorized purchase of land for the public square. Simeon Frost acted as commissioner and paid $80 for the lot.

By

Crawford County Court House Marker (back) image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 19, 2020
2. Crawford County Court House Marker (back)
May of the next year, 1838, the court authorized Trask to prepare a new plan for a 29-foot-square courthouse. In the spring of 1839 the two-story structure built by Obadiah Ferguson was completed; courts met there in May although finishing continued for some time. The courthouse was completed in 1843-44.

The second courthouse, built in 1857 on the same site, was two stories, brick, 36 by 48 feet, with stone foundation. The court appropriated $6,000 for this structure. Fire destroyed the building February 15, 1873.

The following month the court appropriated $10,000 for the third courthouse. Joe Davis superintended the work. The two contractors with the lowest bids would not provide bond so A. E. Dye and Sons were awarded the contract for $9,775. This building too was consumed by fire, which began in the cupola, January 5, 1884. The court carried $9,000 insurance on this courthouse.

J. J. Upchurch designed the fourth and present courthouse, which was built in 1885-86. Hollow and Salzer received the contract for construction of the 71-by-36-foot two-story brick building which cost about $7,500. An addition made in 1974 was designed by Dan Mullen and built by Cyrus Dace.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Buildings.
 
Location. 37° 58.055′ N, 91° 21.387′ 

Crawford County Court House and Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 19, 2020
3. Crawford County Court House and Marker
W. Marker is in Steelville, Missouri, in Crawford County. Marker is on Main Street (State Highway 8/19) east of 4th Street, on the right when traveling east. Marker is on the county courthouse grounds. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 302 Main Street, Steelville MO 65565, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Crawford County Vietnam Era Veterans (a few steps from this marker); World Wars Memorial (a few steps from this marker); The Korean War (a few steps from this marker); The Steelville Telephone Exchange Inc. (within shouting distance of this marker); The Trail of Tears (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Pilot Knob (approx. 7 miles away); Confederates in Cuba (approx. 7 miles away); Civil War (approx. 7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Steelville.
 
Also see . . .
1. Crawford County, Missouri, Official Website. (Submitted on October 11, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Crawford County, Missouri at Wikipedia. (Submitted on October 11, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 11, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 11, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 30 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 11, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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Oct. 28, 2020