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Port Arthur in Jefferson County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Thirty Sixth Infantry Division

Texas National Guard

 
 
Thirty Sixth Infantry Division Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cajun Scrambler, May 22, 2020
1. Thirty Sixth Infantry Division Marker
Inscription.  
The 36th was a dominant element of the Texas National Guard for many years. Born of the volunteers who fought for Texas independence and nurtured through more than 150 years of local emergencies, border conflicts, Indian raids and International Wars, the guard has grown from the small group that faced Santa Anna to an indispensable cog in the defense of the United States. As the Texas Militia formally organized in 1838 it served various roles and campaigns in the Mexican and Civil Wars. Reorganized in 1892, as the Texas Volunteer Guard, it again served with distinction in the Spanish American War, Philippine Islands, the 1900 Galveston storm, etc. In 1905 the "Texas National Guard” was designated the official active militia of the state. Those units that served in the border disturbance of 1916-17 were integrated into the 36th Division which in July 1917 was organized and trained for service in World War I. On arrival in France in May 1918 the 36th was engaged in bitter combat under the Fourth French Army in the Meuse Argonne sector. On returning to the U.S. a War Department order dated 24 June 1921 again authorized the reorganization
Thirty Sixth Infantry Division Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cajun Scrambler, May 22, 2020
2. Thirty Sixth Infantry Division Marker
of the 36th Division to be an element of the Texas National Guard. It served its normal peace time role under state control until 25 November 1940 when the president declared a state of emergency existed and ordered all national guard units inducted into Federal service. With the U.S. entry into World War II the Division was reorganized and divesteded of a number of organic units. As a result, a significant number of 36th personnel served in various areas of the Pacific Theater from Alaska to Australia. The reorganized division moved to Florida, then to the Carolinas and last to Cape Cod Massachusetts prior to its movement overseas to Africa. After several training exercises and a short tour of duty in Morocco the Division was assigned the mission of leading the initial assault by American troops of continental Europe on D-Day south of Salerno Italy. In the following nineteen months of bitter combat duty in seven campaigns including the Anzio beachhead, the capture of Rome, D-Day in southern France and crossing the Rhine into Germany the division was to celebrate victory on V-E Day. After demobilization and return to the U.S. the 36th was again reorganized and remained active until its deactivation in 1968.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: MilitaryWar, Spanish-American
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War, Texas IndependenceWar, World II.
 
Location. 29° 57.206′ N, 93° 52.659′ W. Marker is in Port Arthur, Texas, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Gulfway Drive (State Highway 87) and State Highway 73, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7626 Gulfway Drive, Port Arthur TX 77640, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 143rd Infantry Regiment (here, next to this marker); 111th Combat Engineers (here, next to this marker); World War II 36th Division Support Troops (here, next to this marker); Women's Peacetime and Wartime Service (a few steps from this marker); 'Man's Best Friend' (a few steps from this marker); The Four Chaplains (within shouting distance of this marker); Spanish-American War (within shouting distance of this marker); Merchant Marine Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Port Arthur.
 
More about this marker. Located in the Golden Triangle Veterans Memorial Park
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 17, 2020, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 33 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 17, 2020, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana.
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Jan. 16, 2021