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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Cape Elizabeth in Cumberland County, Maine — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Battery Blair

 
 
Battery Blair Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, July 2, 2018
1. Battery Blair Marker
Inscription.  You are standing at the site of the largest of six gun batteries built at Fort Williams. Named for Francis P. Blair, Jr., a veteran of the Mexican and Civil wars, Battery Blair was manned during World War I and the early years of World War II. Hidden from view at sea behind a concrete and earth berm, it contained two twelve-inch guns mounted on disappearing carriages.

A Seacoast Gun Battery
1. Exterior Slope of Parapet
2. Superior Slope of Parapet
3. Interior Slope of Parapet
4. Blast Slope or Apron
5. Magazine Ventilator
6. Interior Crest
7. Traverse
8. Interior Wall
9. Traverse Wall
10. Canopy
11. Reserve Table
12. Delivery Table
13. Observing Station
14. Gun Platform
15. Loading Platform
16. Platform Stairs
17. Corridor
18. Corridor Wall
19. Latrine
20. Parade Wall
21. Approach
22. To Oil and Tool Room
23. To Shell Room
24. To Magazine
25. Battery Parade
26. Office
27. Gallery
28. Crane
29. Interior Slope of Parados
30. Traverse Slope of ParadosVV Designed to protect Portland Harbor

Battery Blair Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, July 2, 2018
2. Battery Blair Marker
from enemy attacks by battleships and cruisers, the twelve-inch guns mounted at Battery Blair were the largest in use at the time. These guns firing a 12-inch diameter, 1,000 pound shell, had a range of 8 miles. The guns fired armor-piercing shells on a flat trajectory to breach the heavily protected hulls of battleships.

The addition of anti-aircraft guns during World War I and radar during World War II reflected the ongoing modernization and technological advancement of defenses at Fort Williams.

In addition to Battery Blair, five other batteries at Fort Williams were each named for deceased officers: Sullivan, DeHart, Hobart, Keyes, and Garesché.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWar, World IWar, World II.
 
Location. 43° 37.349′ N, 70° 12.59′ W. Marker is in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, in Cumberland County. Marker is on Shore Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cape Elizabeth ME 04107, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Daily Life (here, next to this marker); National Guard (here, next to this marker); Fort Williams (here, next to this marker); A Town Within A Town (here, next to this marker); CCC Headquarters
Battery Blair Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, July 2, 2018
3. Battery Blair Marker
(here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Fort Williams (within shouting distance of this marker); Civilian Conservation Corps (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S.S. Eagle-56 (PE-56) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cape Elizabeth.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 5, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 39 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 5, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 2, 2021