West Columbia in Brazoria County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
The Runaway Scrape
In January of 1836, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna began gathering troops on the Rio Grande River to begin his attempted take-over of Texas. Texans living in the southern parts of Texas began fleeing eastward to escape the invading Mexican troops. The Alamo in San Antonio fell on March 6, 1836, with the loss of the 182 Alamo defenders. General Houston sent orders to Colonel James W. Fannin, who was in charge of a large Texas force at Goliad, to immediately retreat to Victoria until further orders. Delaying this retreat, Fannin and his troops were captured near Coleto Creek and surrendered unconditionally. Under direct orders of Mexican General Santa Anna, these 400 men were massacred near Goliad on March 27. As General Houston and his army retreated eastward, the colonists in the settlements between the Colorado and Brazos Rivers, realizing they were no longer protected, joined the exodus known as The Runaway Scrape. These refugees, including the citizens of Columbia, suffered the discomforts of disease, cold, rain and hunger. Many died and were buried where they fell. According to Columbia resident Ammon Underwood, the news of
Erected by First State Bank.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, Texas Independence.
Location. 29° 8.68′ N, 95° 38.864′ W. Marker is in West Columbia, Texas, in Brazoria County. Marker is at the intersection of East Brazos Avenue and North 17th Street, on the right when traveling west on East Brazos Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: West Columbia TX 77486, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Columbia's Role in the Discontent (here, next to this marker); Sam Houston, First President of the Republic (here, next to this marker); Selection of Columbia (here, next to this marker); General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (here, next to this marker); Problems Facing the New Republic (here, next to this marker); Josiah Hughes Bell 1791-1838 (here, next to this marker); The Capitol Buildings (a few steps from this marker); Members of the House of Representatives (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Columbia.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 16, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 12, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 32 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 12, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.