Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Billings in Yellowstone County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

Garfield School

 
 
Garfield School Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 16, 2020
1. Garfield School Marker
Inscription.  Built in 1901, Billings’ fourth school had six classrooms and an auditorium. A third-floor gymnasium, the first in the city, was added a year later. By 1906, 340 children attended Garfield School. The homesteading boom, the growth of sugar manufacturing, and the first oil boom brought more people to Billings’ south side, and more students to Garfield. The 1920 addition, designed by Billings architect Chandler Cohagen, doubled the school’s size. Constructed at a cost of over $65,000, the two-story brick addition displays classical details. Strong horizontal lines define its symmetrical façade. Decorative terra cotta ornaments the central stepped parapet, and terra cotta scrollwork accents the entrances. Between 1923 and 1925, the Great Western Sugar Company paid half the expenses for the school’s special migrant workers program. The program offered classes specifically for migrant workers’ children during the weeks the children were not working in the fields. In 1934, the Works Progress Administration provided funds to further expand Garfield School. The Cohagen firm designed two wings for the 1921 addition, tripling the school’s size. While adding
The rear entrance to Garfield School and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 16, 2020
2. The rear entrance to Garfield School and Marker
the wings, the district also removed the original third-floor gymnasium after deeming it structurally unsound. In 1948, the school district constructed a final two-story brick addition to accommodate 900 students in grades one through nine. Demolition of the original 1901 building occurred in 1981, but the 1920, 1934, and 1948 additions still look much as they did in 1950. Yellowstone Boys and Girls Ranch purchased the building in 2007 from School District #2.
 
Erected by Montana Historical Society.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: EducationNotable Buildings.
 
Location. 45° 46.586′ N, 108° 30.514′ W. Marker is in Billings, Montana, in Yellowstone County. Marker can be reached from 1st Avenue South near South 33rd Street, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3212 1st Avenue South, Billings MT 59101, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fire House No. 2 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pouder Furniture Building (approx. ¼ mile away); Frederick Billings (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Clark Hotel - 1928 (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Parmly Billings Library - 1901 (approx. 0.3 miles away); J.K. Ralston Cabin-Studio
Garfield School image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 16, 2020
3. Garfield School
(approx. 0.3 miles away); The Losekamp Building - 1903 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Losekamp Block (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Billings.
 
More about this marker. Despite the 1st Avenue South address, Garfield School mainly borders South 33rd Street. The marker is located at backside of the building at what would be the rear entrance.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 11, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 11, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 11, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
Paid Advertisement
Feb. 26, 2021