World War I Remembered
When "the Great War" ended in 1918, the United States did not have a tradition of national war memorials. Most memorials honored veterans from the local community, such as the District of Columbia War Memorial on the National Mall. An exception was the Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, Missouri, which honored all the nation's veterans of the war. Other World War I monument in Washington include the First and Second Division Memorials in President's Park.
In 1923, Congress established the American Battle Monuments Commission to construct overseas monuments and memorials to the accomplishments of American armed forces in the war. ABMC erected monuments in France, Belgium, and Gibraltar, as well as memorial chapels at the eight American cemeteries in Europe. general Pershing was the commission's first chairman, serving until his death in 1948. Today, ABMC maintains 31 monuments, memorials, and markers in seventeen countries around the world, commemorating conflicts from the Mexican-American War to the Vietnam War as well as 23 World War I and II cemeteries in Europe, North Africa, and the Philippines.
In 2014, in conjunction with the centennial of World War I, Congress designated both Pershing Park and the Liberty Memorial as national World War I memorials, and authorized the World War I Centennial Commission to enhance Pershing Park to further honor all U.S. armed forces that served in the war, not just the AEF. Based on a competition-winning design by architect Joseph Weishaar and sculptor Sabin Howard, and building on the original park design by M. Paul Freidberg, the redeveloped park was re-opened in 2021.
"In dedication of this memorial let us pledge our lives to God and country. May the devotion of those who answered the call of duty in the supreme crisis of war prove an abiding inspiration to loyalty and high endeavor."
General John J. Pershing, at the site dedication of the Liberty Memorial, November 1, 1921
Erected 2021 by World War I Centennial Commission, American Battle Monuments Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Architecture • Arts, Letters, Music • War, World I. A significant historical date for this entry is November 1, 1921.
Location. 38° 53.766′ N, 77° 1.96′ W. Marker is in Federal Triangle in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is on Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest just west of 14th Street Northwest, in the median. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1400 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington DC 20004, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Soldier's Journey (here, next to this marker); Armistice and Legacy (here, next to this marker); Americans All (here, next to this marker); From Homefront to Battlefront (here, next to this marker); The AEF in the Great War, 1917-1918 (here, next to this marker); Beyond the AEF (here, next to this marker); World War I Memorial (here, next to this marker); World War I, 1914-1917 (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Federal Triangle.
Credits. This page was last revised on April 18, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 34 times since then. Photo 1. submitted on April 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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