“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pittsburgh in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Oliver Iron and Steel

Three Rivers Heritage Trail

Oliver Iron and Steel Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, May 30, 2021
1. Oliver Iron and Steel Marker
Inscription.  The stone and brick foundations, industrial objects, and other archaeological remains along this section of the trail are remnants of the famous Oliver Iron and Steel Company. A leading national manufacturer of all types of nuts and bolts, hardware for wagons, barbed wire and industrial equipment, the company's origins can be traced to the Civil War. The company expanded its factories over 10 city blocks along the South Side riverfront and at one time employed 1,000 men.

An optimistic pioneer in the business of steel manufacturing, Henry W. Oliver, founder of the company, was instrumental in developing the Mesabi iron ore mines near Lake Superior to supply Pittsburgh's factories with higher quality ores. To transport iron from the Great Lakes region to Pittsburgh, Oliver invested in the new Pittsburgh and Western Railroad. The company's use of giant steam shovels to scoop up the iron ore in Minnesota, and to transport it efficiently by Great Lakes ore boats and railways to Pittsburgh, resulted in lower prices for the steel industry. Oliver finally sold his iron ore business to his friend Andrew Carnegie.

In 1915 the Oliver Iron and

Three Rivers Heritage Trail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, May 30, 2021
2. Three Rivers Heritage Trail
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Steel Company built the Oliver Bath House on the corner of South Tenth and Bingham Streets so employees could cleanse themselves of coal soot and dirt before they walked home. The Bath House is now used for recreation, but Oliver's mills closed in 1930 and were later demolished.

Henry W. Oliver
Red and yellow brick floors from the factory's machine shop remain along the trail.
The base of this giant smokestack from the factory's power house can be found along the trail.
This stone pier once supported a wooden covered bridge that crossed the river here. The pier later supported a crane used by Oliver to hoist coal from barges.
The Oliver Iron and Steel factory used the river to receive and ship goods and supplies. Archives of Industrial Society, University of Pittsburgh

Erected by Friends of the Riverfront, DCNR, Steel Industry Heritage Corporation, City of Pittsburgh, SecondSole.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Industry & Commerce.
Location. 40° 25.919′ N, 79° 59.115′ W. Marker is in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in Allegheny County. Marker is on Three Rivers Heritage Trail, half a mile east of South 4th Street, on the left when traveling east. Not accessible

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by motorized vehicle. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pittsburgh PA 15203, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Immigrant Steel Workers (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Pennsylvania Canal in Pittsburgh (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pittsburgh Glass (approx. 0.2 miles away); Panhandle Railroad (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ormsby River Farms (approx. 0.2 miles away); Black Diamonds (approx. 0.2 miles away); Coal Transportation (approx. 0.2 miles away); South Side Market House (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pittsburgh.
Also see . . .  Friends of the Riverfront. (Submitted on June 2, 2021.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 2, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 2, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 112 times since then and 62 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 2, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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Jun. 26, 2022