San Augustine in San Augustine County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Following emancipation, African Americans struggled for equality, as public facilities, private businesses and neighborhoods were often segregated. When African Americans did find non-agricultural employment it was primarily for manual labor jobs and for railroads, including brakemen, porters, and construction. The railroad became important to east Texas and transported people, lumber from nearby mills, cotton, cattle, and crops from other states to ports like Houston, Galveston and Beaumont.
The Lewis Railroad Hotel was built about 1870 by John Collins. The two-story frame structure is a modified I-house, built two rooms wide and one room deep, with a full-height entry porch, gable wall chimneys and a later rear addition. William Lewis purchased the home in 1903 from Mary Collins and lived there with his wife, Viney, and their family. The men in Lewis’ family were laborers, and the women were laundresses. To supplement his income as a mail carrier, William Lewis opened his home to African American boarders, especially men working on the railroad. The hotel became popular during the 1920s when railroad construction in east Texas increased.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark
Erected 2011 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 17066.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Industry & Commerce • Railroads & Streetcars. A significant historical year for this entry is 1870.
Location. 31° 31.874′ N, 94° 6.908′ W. Marker is in San Augustine, Texas, in San Augustine County. Marker is on West Columbia Street (State Highway 547) west of South Bolivar Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: San Augustine TX 75972, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Early Texas Sawmill (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); San Augustine (about 800 feet away); Jerusalem Memorial Christian Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Space Shuttle Columbia Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Major Murry L. Wortham (approx. ¼ mile away); James Pinckney Henderson (approx. ¼ mile away); San Augustine County Courthouse (approx. ¼ mile away); San Augustine County Jail (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Augustine.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 15, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 15, 2021, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 165 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 15, 2021, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana.