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Watervliet in Albany County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

General John J. Pershing

Born: September 13, 1860 in Laclede, MO
Died: July 15, 1948 in Washington, DC

 
 
General John J. Pershing Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Howard C. Ohlhous, October 29, 2021
1. General John J. Pershing Marker
Inscription.  
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 — July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer, most famous as the commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) on the Western Front in World War I, 1917-18. He rejected British and French demands that American forces be integrated with their armies, and insisted that the AEF would operate as a single unit under his command, although some American divisions fought under British command, and he also allowed all-black units to be integrated with the French army.

American forces first saw serious battle at Cantigny, Chateau-Thierry, Belleau Wood, and Soissons. To speed up the arrival of the doughboys, they embarked for France leaving the heavy equipment behind, and used British and French tanks, artillery, airplanes and other munitions. In September 1918 at St. Mihiel, the First Army was directly under Pershing's command; it overwhelmed the salient — the encroachment into Allied territory — that the German Army had held for three years. For the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Pershing shifted roughly 600,000 American soldiers to the heavily defended
General John J. Pershing Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Howard C. Ohlhous, October 29, 2021
2. General John J. Pershing Marker
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forests of the Argonne, keeping his divisions engaged in hard fighting for 47 days, alongside the French. The Allied Hundred Days Offensive, which the Argonne fighting was part of, contributed to Germany calling for an armistice. Pershing was of the opinion that the war should continue and that all of Germany should be occupied in an effort to permanently destroy German militarism.

Pershing is the only American to be promoted in his own lifetime to General of the Armies, the highest possible rank in the United States Army; an act was passed in 1976 retroactively promoting George Washington to the same rank but with higher seniority, ensuring that he would always be considered the senior ranking officer in the United States Army. Allowed to select his own insignia, Pershing chose to use four gold stars to distinguish himself from those officers who held the rank of General. After the creation of the five-star General of the Army rank during World War II, his rank of General of the Armies could unofficially be considered that of a six-star general, but he died before the proposed insignia could be considered and acted on by Congress.

Some of his tactics have been criticized both by other commanders at the time and by modern historians. His reliance on costly frontal assaults, long after other Allied armies had abandoned such tactics, has been blamed for causing
General John J. Pershing Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Howard C. Ohlhous, October 29, 2021
3. General John J. Pershing Marker
unnecessarily high American casualties. In addition to leading the AEF to victory in World War I, Pershing notably served as a mentor to many in the generation of generals who led the United States Army during World War II, including George Marshall, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley, Lesley J. McNair, George S. Patton, and Douglas MacArthur.

Source: Wikipedia

[Sidebar:]
This article appeared in
THE TROY TIMES, TROY, N.Y.
Friday Evening, APRIL 4, 1919


Under the direction of Commissioner of Public Works Charles M. Angus work has been begun improving Pershing Green in the lower section of the city. The plot of ground for many years was known as "Sammy's Green." Last summer residents in the vicinity of the little park raised a large American flag and a service flag in honor of the Port Schuyler boys in service. At that time the name of the park was changed to "Pershing Green." Mayor Edwin W. Joslin, who delivered an address when the two flags were unfurled, told the residents that as soon as possible work of improving the park would be begun. Several days ago a survey of the park was made by Engineer J. Walter Gummo, under the direction of Commissioner Angus. Commissioner Angus stated this morning that the improvements would include the construction of a concrete curbing and gutter around
General John J. Pershing - Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Howard C. Ohlhous, October 28, 2021
4. General John J. Pershing - Marker Detail
A painted portrait of Pershing by Philip Alexius de László, 1869–1937
the park, gravel walks and the planting of trees and shrubbery around the park.

 
Erected 2017.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, World I. A significant historical date for this entry is September 13, 1860.
 
Location. 42° 42.616′ N, 73° 42.472′ W. Marker is in Watervliet, New York, in Albany County. Marker is on 2nd Ave. near 4th Street, on the right when traveling north. The General John J. Pershing marker is in Pershing Green Memorial Park, which is between 1st & 2nd Ave, and two separate segments of 4th Street, in Watervliet, New York. . Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Watervliet NY 12189, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Schuyler Flatts (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Erie Canal (approx. half a mile away); Burden Iron Works (approx. ¾ mile away); Saint Agnes Cemetery (approx. 0.9 miles away); City of Watervliet (approx. 1.1 miles away); Civil War Parrott Rifle (approx. 1.2 miles away); North Dutch Reformed Church Bell (approx. 1.2 miles away); Saint Patrick's Church Bell (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Watervliet.
 
General John J. Pershing - Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Howard C. Ohlhous, October 28, 2021
5. General John J. Pershing - Marker Detail
The Gen. John J. Pershing Marker is in Pershing Green Memorial Park image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Howard C. Ohlhous, October 28, 2021
6. The Gen. John J. Pershing Marker is in Pershing Green Memorial Park
Pershing Green Memorial park is between 1st & 2nd Ave, and two separate segments of 4th Street, in Watervliet, New York.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 6, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 1, 2021, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 70 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 1, 2021, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Aug. 13, 2022