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Clemson in Pickens County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Fort Hill

 
 
Fort Hill Marker (side A) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, November 6, 2021
1. Fort Hill Marker (side A)
Inscription.  A national historic landmark, Fort Hill was the home of University founders Thomas Green and Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson, and Anna's parents, Mr. and Mrs. John C. Calhoun. It was built in 1803 as a four-room manse for Old Stone Church and passed to Mrs. Clemson through her mother, Floride Calhoun, who inherited the home and 1,341 acres of land from her mother. By the end of the Civil War, 139 enslaved African-Americans worked the plantation, and African-Americans continued to be a vital force in Fort Hill operations, primarily as sharecroppers and domestics, until Mr. Clemson's death in 1888.

The vision of Thomas Green and Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson that led to the founding of Clemson University was made possible by Fort Hill. After the death of his wife and children, Thomas Green Clemson bequeathed his estate to the state to support a “high seminary of learning.” A plaque denotes where the first meeting of the original Board of Trustees took place under an oak tree on the property. In his last will and testament, Mr. Clemson eloquently described his and Anna's vision for the institution and instructed that Fort Hill “shall always be
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Established
1803

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places

 
Erected by Clemson University.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansArchitectureEducation. A significant historical year for this entry is 1803.
 
Location. 34° 40.652′ N, 82° 50.295′ W. Marker is in Clemson, South Carolina, in Pickens County. Marker is at the intersection of Calhoun Drive and Fernow Street, on the right when traveling west on Calhoun Drive. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 433 Calhoun Dr, Clemson SC 29634, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sirrine Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Riggs Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fort Hill (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Trustee House (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Fort Hill (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Fort Hill (about 400 feet away); Site of the First Meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Clemson Agricultural College (about 400 feet away); Fort Hill Plantation Office (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Clemson.
 
Fort Hill Marker (side B) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, November 6, 2021
2. Fort Hill Marker (side B)
sectionhead>More about this marker. An identical marker is on the north (front) side of the house.
 
Also see . . .  Fort Hill: National Historic Landmark. University webpage with details, photographs and images relating to the house, including of African Americans who worked in and around it. (Submitted on November 8, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.) 
 
Fort Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, November 6, 2021
3. Fort Hill Marker
Fort Hill image. Click for full size.
Clemson University/Fair use (cropped from original)
4. Fort Hill
Thomas Green Clemson image. Click for full size.
Unknown via Clemson University Libraries
5. Thomas Green Clemson
Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson image. Click for full size.
Unknown / Public domain
6. Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 8, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 193 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 8, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.

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Mar. 4, 2024