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Estell Manor in Atlantic County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

8-Inch Plant Receiving Building

Bethlehem Loading Country History Trail

— N 39° 25.800, W 74° 44.460 —

 
 
8-Inch Plant Receiving Building Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), January 22, 2022
1. 8-Inch Plant Receiving Building Marker
Inscription.  
The process of loading munitions began in the receiving building where metal components of the shells were unloaded from railroad cars. For safety, only one-day's supply was delivered from the incoming storage buildings. Each component was carefully inspected and cleaned to removed all traces of foreign matter, such as grit or grease, which would interfere with a successful detonation once filled. After cleaning, they were painted and stenciled with the shell size and range, and then sent to the pouring/filling building for loading with explosives.

Shells made in this plant were fired from 8-inch Howitzers, field guns that America was already producing on a much smaller scale for the British allies before 1918. These guns had a range of about six miles and each shell weighed over 200 pounds.

A total of 191 8-inch Howitzers were delivered to the US Army in total 1918 for use in the war overseas. By February 1919, the Mays Landing plant had produced a total of 8,231 8-inch shells.

[Captions:]
Taken from atop the water tower in 1918 and looking southeast, this view shows the 8-inch plant in the
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distance. The two-section building in the foreground is the 155mm plant receiving building.

WWI British soldiers prepare a gun for firing, attaching the explosive-filled bourrelet (head to the smokeless powder-filled cartridge case. (Library of Congress, Lot 9212, LC-USZ62-136097)

US Army soldiers in Washington, DC load an antiaircraft gun in November 1918. The Washington Monument is in the background. (Library of Congress, Lot 8882, LC-USZ62-68350)

 
Erected by Atlantic County, New Jersey. (Marker Number 16.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceRailroads & StreetcarsWar, World I. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1919.
 
Location. 39° 24.222′ N, 74° 44.24′ W. Marker is in Estell Manor, New Jersey, in Atlantic County. Marker can be reached from Atlantic County Park, 0.6 miles east of New Jersey Route 50, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mays Landing NJ 08330, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 8-Inch Pouring Building (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 8-inch Finishing Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); Bethlehem Loading Co. (approx. ¼ mile away); Introduction (approx. 0.4 miles away); Ginkgo
8-Inch Plant Receiving Building Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), January 22, 2022
2. 8-Inch Plant Receiving Building Marker
(approx. half a mile away); Welcome to Atlantic County Park at Estell Manor! (approx. half a mile away); Belcoville 1917 (approx. half a mile away); The Estellville Methodist Church (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Estell Manor.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 23, 2022. It was originally submitted on January 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 49 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Feb. 22, 2024