Near Hubbardton in Rutland County, Vermont — The American Northeast (New England)
Monument Hill And The Morning Charge
Hubbardton Battlefield State Historic Site
American Colonel Ebenezer Francis, his 11th Massachusetts Regiment, and selected units from other regiments encamped along this hilltop the night of July 6. Colonel Seth Warner and his Green Mountain Boys made camp to the left, down the hill toward the Selleck cabin. Part of Colonel Nathan Hale's 2nd New Hampshire Regiment camped to the right.
On the morning of July 7, British troops pursuing the American forces climbed the steep western slope to the top of Monument Hill. The Americans had formed in a long column along the road behind you, ready to move south to Castleton. They quickly turned, scrambling up the hill to meet the British Advance Corps led by Brigadier General Simon Fraser. British Lieutenant William Digby recorded that the British found, " the enemy strongly posted on the top of a high hill, with breast works before them, and great trees cut across to prevent our approach.” In his account he continued, "With the greatest steadiness and resolution, [the British] mounted the hill amidst showers of balls mixed with buck shot, which [the enemy] plentifully bestowed amongst
American Captain Moses Greenleaf wrote, "we fac'd to the right when the firing began, which lasted until 3/4 past eight a.m. without Cessation." The Americans tenaciously held the crest of Monument Hill for a time, finally withdrawing to another rise somewhat downslope.
British commander Brigadier General Simon Fraser noted, "the light Infantry beat the Enemy from the first hill and drove them to a hill of less eminence, which was their original post.”
The Monument Hill action was a pivotal time in the battle, as the American rear guard fought to stall the British advance and allow the main American army more time to continue their withdrawal southward. "We no sooner gained the ascent, than there was such a fire sent amongst them as not easily conceived."
Lieutenant William Digby,
British 53rd Regiment
LEFT: An American Officer (Friedrich Konstantin von German artist; Corner House Historical Publications)
RIGHT: The American troops at the top of Monument Hill, meeting the British in a successful rear guard action (Roy H. Heinrich, artist, 1938; National Life Group)
[Far Right:] The British attack on Monument Hill (Edward Epstein, artist, 1988)
EXPLORE THE BATTLEFIELD LANDMARKS
2 Beginnings of the Battle
3 Monument Hill and the Morning Charge
4 British Flank the Americans
5 The Selleck Cabin
6 Germans Arrive, Americans Retreat
Erected by Vermont Division of Historic Preservation. (Marker Number 3.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Revolutionary. A significant historical date for this entry is July 7, 1777.
Location. 43° 41.741′ N, 73° 8.455′ W. Marker is near Hubbardton, Vermont, in Rutland County. Marker can be reached from Monument Hill Road, 0.1 miles north of St. John Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5696 Monument Hill Rd, Castleton VT 05735, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Beginnings of the Battle (within shouting distance of this marker); British Flank The Americans (within shouting distance of this marker); British Flank Near Mt. Zion (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hubbardton Battlefield State Historic Site (about 500 feet away); Germans Arrive, Americans Retreat (about 600 feet away); Hubbardton Battle Monument (about 600 feet away); Battle of Hubbardton (about 700 feet away); The Selleck Cabin (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hubbardton.
Also see . . . Battle of Hubbardton (Wikipedia)(Submitted on July 14, 2022, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 14, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 10, 2022, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. This page has been viewed 109 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 10, 2022, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. • Michael Herrick was the editor who published this page.