Near Burlington in Alamance County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Picker House and Dye House
2. Picker House
After drivers delivered bales of raw cotton to Glencoe, the first step in transforming it to woven cloth took place in the Picker House. Men unpacked the cotton from the bales and removed such debris as twigs, leaves, and bugs. To reduce risk of fire from cotton dust and debris, the Picker House was separated from the mill. The men fed the raw cotton into the breaker lapper, which beat and drew out the cotton fibers to clean it and form the raw fiber into "laps" - loosely matted cotton sheets about three to four feet wide.
3. Dye House
In this brick building workers dyed and dried cotton for Glencoe's trademark plaid and striped fabrics. A skilled dye-master oversaw the mixing of coloring agents according to secret formulas. Men in the "dye room" at the north end of the building lowered wooden racks of raw cotton into the two huge metal boilers containing hot dyes. In the "dry room" at the southern end, men placed the racks of dyed cotton into a large centrifugal dryer that whirled the fiber to remove the moisture. A steam engine and later electricity powered the dye house operation. Records show
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Industry & Commerce. A significant historical year for this entry is 1902.
Location. 36° 8.326′ N, 79° 25.671′ W. Marker is near Burlington, North Carolina, in Alamance County. Marker is on Glencoe Street, on the left when traveling west. Glencoe Village is 3 miles north of Burlington, NC from NC Highway 62. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Burlington NC 27215, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Power, Wheel House and Turbine (here, next to this marker); The Mill Buildings (here, next to this marker); Glencoe - Life in the Mill Village (a few steps from this marker); Glencoe Management Houses (within shouting distance of this marker); Glencoe - Company Office and Store (within shouting distance of this marker); The Rise of the Textile Mill Communities (within shouting distance of this marker); Living in a Mill-Centered World (within shouting distance of this marker); Neighbors Divided (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burlington.
Additional keywords. Alamance, Glencoe Cotton Mills, textiles, Company Shops, Graham, Holt
Credits. This page was last revised on November 30, 2020. It was originally submitted on June 30, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Graham, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 743 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 30, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Graham, North Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.