Manalapan Township in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Highlanders Decline Combat
The Battle of Monmouth
— 28 June 1778, 4:10 PM – 4:20 PM —
Here, in what was Derick Sutfin’s cider orchard, 300 Royal Highlanders found themselves in an awkward position. Over 700 Continental infantry were approaching their right flank (up the hill behind you), while a Continental cannon fired round after round into the treetops above their heads. Should they stay and fight?
The hardy, brave Scots were too valuable to waste in a needless firefight. Wisely, their commander decided not to fight here. Instead, he led his men south along the fence looking for a good position from which to assail the Continentals.
as the Continentals advanced, they found their way blocked by an orchard fence (no longer standing). Colonel Cilley sent a platoon to skirmish with the Highlanders and slow them down while the rest of the battalion took down the fence. One of the skirmishers, Joseph Martin, later remembered that “we pursued without order. As I passed through the orchard, I saw a number of the enemy killed by our field piece.”
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Archaeology confirms Highlanders’ Position
While in Sutfin’s orchard, the Scots had been sniped at by American rifle and musket men and bombarded with lead canister and 2-ounce grape shot from Captain Proctor’s 4-pounder field piece. Many of these projectiles remained in the ground until 1990 when archaeologists began to excavate the site. Careful computer analysis of the data revealed the location of the Royal Highlanders.
Archaeology by BRAVO (Battlefield & Archaeological Volunteer Organization)
Erected by NJ Department of Environmental Protection – Division of Parks & Forestry.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Revolutionary.
Location. 40° 16.747′ N, 74° 18.591′ W. Marker is in Manalapan Township, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker can be reached from Freehold Road (County Route 522), on the left when traveling east. Marker is located on the Monmouth Battlefield hiking trail. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Englishtown NJ 07726, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington Resumes the Offensive (approx. ¼ mile away); Perrine Hill Front Line Mary “Molly” Hays (approx. 0.4 miles away); Battlefield Archaeology (approx. 0.4 miles away); An Inspiring Commander in Chief (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Great Cannonade (approx. 0.4 miles away); Perrine Hill Spring (approx. half a mile away); Molly Hays McCauley (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manalapan Township.
More about this marker. The sidebar contains a troop movement map showing the location of the marker in relation to the British Royal Highlanders and Retreating Loyalist Rangers, and American Col. Cilley’s Battalion, Parker’s Battalion and snipers with rifles and muskets, as well as artillery fire and the orchard fence. Also indicated on the map are the locations where grape shot, canister shot, musket balls, rifle balls and slugs were found by archaeologists.
The lower left of the marker features a photograph of “The General’s Company of the Royal Highlanders (42nd Regiment of British Foot) pinned down in a Monmouth orchard, [during a] June 1995 re-enactment.”
Also see . . .
1. Monmouth Battlefield State Park. New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry website. (Submitted on November 8, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. The Battle of Monmouth. From the American Revolution website. (Submitted on November 8, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
3. The Battle of Monmouth, 1778. A British perspective of the Battle of Monmouth on BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on November 8, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Credits. This page was last revised on March 5, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 8, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 788 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 8, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.