Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Railroad Comes To Charleston
The South Carolina Canal & Rail Road Company was incorporated on December 19, 1828. Its investors hoped to divert commercial traffic from Savannah to the Port of Charleston and provide a link to plantations and farms in the upstate. In 1829, William Howard, U.S. Civil Engineer, presented a report to the company detailing the best route for a line from Charleston to Hamburg (near Augusta). Howard felt that the ridge along the Edisto River from near Givhan's Ferry was a favorable location.
Howard recommended the tracks be made from wood, which he noted was available in abundance and in good quality along the route.The rails were to be made of yellow pine and placed 4 feet 6inches apart. They would be supported by sills made of live oak. The cost
Construction of the railroad began on January 9, 1830. The entire 136 miles of track was completed by October, 1833. When the railroad opened, it was the longest line in the country and the first to carry the U.S. mail. The South Carolina Canal & Rail Road Company was the predecessor line of the Southern Railway, now the Norfolk Southern Railway Company.
"In fact the general direction of this route, appeared to us to be so strongly marked in its superiority over any other, as to leave no doubt as to the propriety of its selection."
* William Howard, 1829 *
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Railroads & Streetcars.
Location. 32° 47.335′ N, 79° 56.232′ W. Marker is in Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker can be reached from John Street, on the right when traveling east. Located between King and Meeting Streets in the Camden Depot Courtyard. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charleston SC 29403, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Building a Nation (here, next to this marker); The Best Friend of Charleston (here, next to this marker); Bound For Glory (a few Passengers and Products (within shouting distance of this marker); Camden Depot (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Aiken House (about 400 feet away); The Civil War Submarine, H.L. Hunley (about 500 feet away); The Charleston Museum's Joseph Manigault House (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charleston.
Also see . . . South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company. ... ran scheduled steam service over its 136-mile line .... (Submitted on January 31, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on January 31, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 508 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 31, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.