Marine on St. Croix in Washington County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Boom, Then Bust
"From here, the first log in the race,
Went forth to seek a dwelling place."
Harriet Bishop, Minnesota, Then and Now, 1869
The St. Croix River ranked second only to the Mississippi as a carrier of logs and lumber. The white pine logs from trees that lumberjacks felled in the winter were driven downstream to sawmills in the spring. Millions of logs were milled using water-and-steam-powered machinery. Between 1839 and 1895, more than 197 million board feet of lumber were milled here — enough to build some 18,000 "average-size" homes.
During its lifetime, this mill saw a succession of owner-operators.
David Hone and Lewis Judd operated the mill from 1839 until 1848, when the Marine Lumber Company became Judd, Walker and Company. Twenty years later, the firm was reorganized as the Walker, Judd and Veazie Lumber Company. That operation went bankrupt in 1885, but in 1888 the mill reopened under the ownership of the Anderson and O'Brien Company. Heavy logging depleted the timber of the St. Croix River valley, and in 1895 the mill was forced to close for good.
Erected by the Minnesota Historical Society.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Industry & Commerce. In addition, it is included in the Minnesota Historical Society series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1869.
Location. 45° 11.879′ N, 92° 46.103′ W. Marker is in Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, in Washington County. Marker can be reached from Judd Street south of Maple Street, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Marine on Saint Croix MN 55047, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Pineries are Gone (a few steps from this marker); Technological Revolution (within shouting distance of this marker); Marine Mill Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Powerhouse and Kiln (within shouting distance of this marker); Minnesota's First Commercial Sawmill (within shouting distance of this marker); Historic Marine on St. Croix (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Croix National Scenic Riverway (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Settler's Cabin (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Marine on St. Croix.
More about this marker. [photo captions, clockwise]
Lumberjacks with white pine, 1910, Minnesota Historical Society
Pine logs on horse drawn sleigh, 1900, Minnesota Historical Society
Anderson and O'Brien Company mill, about 1890, Minnesota Historical Society
Logs and wanigans (floating cook shacks and bunkhouses) on St. Croix River, about 1895, Minnesota Historical Society
Also see . . . Minnesota Historical Society. Marine Mill. (Submitted on April 13, 2012.)
Additional keywords. National Register of Historic Places #70000311
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on April 13, 2012, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 515 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 13, 2012, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin.