Portsmouth in Rockingham County, New Hampshire — The American Northeast (New England)
Nation's Oldest Bank
The Oldest Bank Building
New Hampshire Bank 1803-1842
Portsmouth Savings Bank 1823-C.1950
Piscataqua Bank 1842-1863
Piscataqua Exchange Bank 1844-1863
First National Bank of Portsmouth 1863-C.1950
Portsmouth Trust Company C.1950-1977
Restored by James A. Shanley 1977 - 1978
National Register of Historic Places
September 10, 1979
In 1782 the New Hampshire Bank opened its doors on this site. After the great fire of 1802 the present structure was built by the bank in 1803 in the Federal Style. Circa 1869 it was divided into two separate banks. In 1882 the front facade was expanded forward and modernized into an Italianate Renaissance Revival design. In 1903 the 22 Market Square exterior was renovated once again into its present Greek Revival Limestone facade with ionic order columns. Above the black and green marble lobby was installed an impressive leaded and stained glass dome depicting the Great Seal of New Hampshire.
Notably, the second floor office over 26 Market was once the law office of future President Franklin Pierce.
Erected 2007 by New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Officer George Gilman, Commmissioner, LBJ Properties LLC.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Buildings. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #14 Franklin Pierce series list. A significant historical month for this entry is September 1924.
Location. 43° 4.613′ N, 70° 45.444′ W. Marker is in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in Rockingham County. Marker is on Pleasant Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 22 Market Square, Portsmouth NH 03801, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Treaty of Portsmouth 1905 (within shouting distance of this marker); The Original New Hampshire State House (within shouting distance of this marker); Negro Pews (within shouting distance of this marker); Ceilia Layton Thaxter (within shouting distance of this marker); 18 CongressTemple Israel (about 400 feet away); The South Church (about 400 feet away); Joseph & Nancy (Cotton) and their children, Eleazor & James (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Portsmouth.
More about this marker. The building still carries a "Jewelry Building" sign.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 9, 2010, by Michael Tiernan of Danvers, Massachusetts. This page has been viewed 1,207 times since then and 12 times this year. Last updated on June 23, 2014, by Kevin Craft of Bedford, Quebec. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 9, 2010, by Michael Tiernan of Danvers, Massachusetts. 3. submitted on August 22, 2014, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.