Lunenburg in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia — The Atlantic Provinces
Foreign Protestant Settlement in Lunenburg
L’arrivée des protestants étrangers à Lunenburg
In 1750, British authorities, mistrustful of the colony’s large Acadian population, began encouraging immigration by settlers of more obvious loyalties. These settlers became known as the “Foreign Protestants.” They came from the German Palatinate, Switzerland and the French principality of Montbéliard drawn by the promis of free land, tools and rations and a wish to escape the religious persecution, taxation and over population of their homeland.
In the early 1750’s, hundred of these Foreign Protestants were first brought to Halifax, where they languished for up to three years. Finally, in June 1753, a flotilla of ships set sail for a harbour known as Merligueche. The British renamed it Lunenburg, in honour of King George II, who was also Duke of Braunschweig-Lünenburg, a principality in Germany. More than 1,400 settlers came ashore at Lunenburg, drawing lots for their homestead grants among the Town’s rigidly laid-out streets. Lunenburg’s original street plan remains intact to this day and was central to “Old Town” Lunenburg’s designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.
Au début des années 1750, des centaines de ces protestants étrangers arrivent d’abord à Halifax où ils languissent jusque’à trois ans. Enfin, en juin 1753, une flottille de navires met le cap en direction d’un port appelé Merligueche. Les Britanniques renomment l’endroit Lunenburg, en l’honneur du roi George II qui est aussi duc de Braunschweig-Lünenburg, principauté située en Allemagne. Plus de 1 400 colons débarquent sur les rives de Lunenburg et reçoivent par tirage au sort les terres où ils s’établiront, selon un plan rigide d’aménagement de la ville. Le plan original des rues de Lunenburg est toujours le même aujourd’hui et il est un coeur de la décision d’inscrire le Vieux-Lunenburg au patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO en 1995.
Erected by Town of Lunenburg.
Location. 44° 22.597′ N, 64° 18.866′ W. Marker is in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, in Lunenburg County. Marker can be reached from Linden Avenue just from Bluenose Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lunenburg, Nova Scotia B0J, Canada. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Early Acadian History of Lunenburg (a few steps from this marker); First Peoples (within shouting distance of this marker); Merligueche (within shouting distance of this marker); Lunenburg’s Fishing Industry to the 1870’s (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Old Town Lunenburg Historic District (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); St. John's Anglican Church / L'église anglicane St. John's (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); Lunenburg’s Fishing Industry 1870’s - 1940’s (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); St. John's Parish Hall (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lunenburg.
More about this marker. This marker is located on a path in front of the Old French Cemetery.
Additional keywords. UNESCO World Heritage Site
Categories. • Settlements & Settlers •
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Credits. This page was last revised on July 24, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 25, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 368 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 25, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.