Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Patterson Park in Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Show of Strength

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

 

— War of 1812 —

 
Show of Strength Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
1. Show of Strength Marker
Inscription.  After the stinging defeat at Bladensburg and invasion of Washington, Americans rallied to save Baltimore. All available able-bodied men were called to build defenses. Black and white, slave and free, united to dig earthworks across Hampstead Hill and adjacent heights.

British land forces approaching on September 13, 1814, stopped at the sight of the well-armed defenses. Deciding that storming the American stronghold would be too costly, the British army retreated.

Baltimore’s Heroes-Credit for the defenses goes to Major General Samuel Smith and Commodore John Rogers. Smith coordinated the overall effort. Rodgers commanded Hampstead Hill, including a bastion where the pagoda now stands

(Inscriptions near the images on the left)
Major General Samuel Smith by Rembrandt Peale, ca. 1817-18-image courtesy Maryland Historical Society and Commodore John Rogers by John Wesley Jarvis, ca. 1814-image courtesy National Gallery of Art.

“(Baltimore) was…defended by extremely Strong Works on every Side, and immediately in front of us by an extensive Hill on which was an entrenched Camp and great quantities of artillery, and …at

Show of Strength Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
2. Show of Strength Marker
least… 15 to 20,000 Men.”
–British Rear Admiral George Cockburn to Vice Admiral Alexander F.I. Cochrane, September 15, 1814.

(Inscription at the bottom)
The Gathering of the Troops on Hampstead Hill by Thomas Ruckle-image courtesy Maryland Historical Society.
 
Erected by National Park Service-United States Department of the Interior.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War of 1812. In addition, it is included in the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail series list.
 
Location. 39° 17.4′ N, 76° 35.016′ W. Marker is in Patterson Park in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker is on South Patterson Park Avenue. The marker is located on the grounds of Patterson Park near the Pagoda. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21231, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Star-Spangled Banner Centennial Monument (here, next to this marker); Patterson Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Prelude to War (within shouting distance of this marker); Notre Dame Convent (approx. 0.3 miles away); Spanish American War Monument (approx. 0.4 miles away); Recinoso (approx. 0.4 miles

Patterson Park gate-established 1827-Pagoda in the background image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, December 13, 2014
3. Patterson Park gate-established 1827-Pagoda in the background
away); General Casimir Pulaski (approx. 0.4 miles away); Caulkers' Houses (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Patterson Park.
 
The Gathering of the Troops on Hampstead Hill image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
4. The Gathering of the Troops on Hampstead Hill
By Thomas Ruckle
Close-up of painting on marker
Maryland Historical Society
Major General Samuel Smith image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
5. Major General Samuel Smith
By Rembrandt Peale, ca. 1817-18
Close-up of painting on marker
Maryland Historical Society
Commodore John Rogers image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 21, 2014
6. Commodore John Rogers
By John Wesley Jarvis, ca. 1814
Close-up of painting on marker
National Gallery of Art
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 786 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   4, 5, 6. submitted on December 24, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement
Jul. 12, 2020