Buffalo in Erie County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Black Rock Historic District
The Market Square Historic District encompasses both sides of Amherst Street from Niagara Street to Tonawanda Street and also portions of East Street and Dearborn Street. The small area adjacent to the Market Square is the oldest section of Black Rock and contains the City of Buffalo's largest concentration of homes constructed prior to 1850. The area is unique in that there are homes dating from the earliest period
Even today, the area retains the look and feel of a village center. The green space of the Market Square still anchors both sides of Amherst Street at Niagara Street and remains unchanged since General Peter B. Porter donated the land in 1830. At Dearborn Street there is a pronounced rise that is an extension of the high bluff visible near the Peace Bridge. On this high ground, the Howell House and store were constructed about 1830, the stone house survives as a remaining example of the Federal Style. Across Amherst Street the old Black Rock Savings and Loan building has served the needs of generations of Black Rock residents since 1870. At the corner of Amherst and East Streets, the hose tower of Engine #15 commands a bird's eye view of the neighborhood and riverfront. The firehouse, built in 1912, has been restored and converted to loft apartments. For many years this building was the home of the poet Robert Creeley. Also at this corner the circa 1820-1835 Smith House and Tavern has been fully restored. The house is one of the oldest in the city and is a rare remaining example of the Federal Style. Further up Amherst Street, the church towers of St. Francis and St. John's rise high above
There has been a renewal of pride and investment in this long under-appreciated old neighborhood. Momentum is building as the neighborhood activists and preservation groups rediscover the rich history and architecture of Historic Black Rock.
Black Rock Heritage Trail Sites / Market Square
1. Tour Orientation Sign, Black Rock History at Market Square.
2. Tour Orientation Sign, Market Square Historic District.
3. Market Square, 1830.
Stephen W. Howell House and Store 1830.
5. Jacob Smith House and Tavern, 1830-1835.
6. St. John's Evangelical Church, Founded 1847.
7. St. Francis Xavier Church, Founded
8. Buffalo and Niagara Falls Railroad, 1836-1869.
9. Jubilee Springs, 1827-1898.
10. Porter Square, 1830.
11. Squaw Island [renamed Unity Island].
Please see the War of 1812 Tour Orientation Sign at Niagara & Tonawanda Streets for the War of 1812 Black Rock Heritage Trail.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Architecture. A significant historical year for this entry is 2011.
Location. 42° 56.084′ N, 78° 54.103′ W. Marker is in Buffalo, New York, in Erie County. Marker is at the intersection of Amherst Street and Niagara Street (New York State Route 266), on the left when traveling east on Amherst Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Buffalo NY 14207, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Black Rock Harbor (here, next to this marker); Black Rock (here, next to this marker); Burning of Blackrock and Buffalo (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Market Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Stephen W. Howell (within shouting distance of this marker); Jacob Smith House and Tavern (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); St. John's Church (about 600 feet away); Buffalo and Niagara Falls Railroad (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buffalo.
Also see . . . Robert Creeley - Wikipedia. (Submitted on April 11, 2016, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on September 26, 2019. It was originally submitted on April 11, 2016, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 389 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on April 11, 2016, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. 2. submitted on September 25, 2019, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 3, 4. submitted on April 11, 2016, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.