Anacostia in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
An East-of-the River View
—Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Education occurred regardless. Before 1889, African American children here attended the Hillsdale School, which was sponsored by the Freedmen's Bureau and built by Barry Farm residents in 1871. And before that, children attended privately run schools, including the Mount Zion School (later the Howard School) on Douglass Road.
When a third Birney School opened at 2501 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue in 1950, students filled their wagons with supplies and moved them from the old classrooms to the new. This building briefly housed the first junior high for African Americans this side of the river. At the same time, the new Sousa Junior High for white children opened on Ely Place, SE. When black children tried to enroll there, Sousa became the center of Bolling v. Sharpe, a lawsuit that ultimately became part of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision that desegregated
Until Anacostia Junior-Senior High School opened at 16th and R Streets, SE, in 1935, white Anacostia teenagers attended schools across the river. African American children continued to cross the river for high school until schools were desegregated in 1954 and Anacostia High School admitted all.
Erected by Anacostia Heritage Trail. (Marker Number 8.)
Location. 38° 51.722′ N, 76° 59.598′ W. Marker is in Anacostia, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Martin Luther King Jr Ave Southeast, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20020, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site (within shouting distance of this marker); A Museum for the Community (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Navy Town (about 400 feet away); Faith and Action (about 400 feet away); Barry Farm - Hillsdale (was about 500 feet away but has been reported missing. ); Roads That Divide (approx. 0.2 miles away); Crossing Lines (approx. 0.2 miles away); Barry Farm Dwellings (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Anacostia.
Also see . . .
1. Hillsdale School, African American Heritage Trail. (Submitted on January 16, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.)
2. Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School. African American Heritage Trail (Submitted on January 16, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Education • Notable Buildings •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 6, 2018. This page originally submitted on December 29, 2016, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 468 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 29, 2016, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 7, 8, 9. submitted on December 30, 2016, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.