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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fayetteville in Franklin County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Basic Ingredients

 
 
Basic Ingredients Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 12, 2012
1. Basic Ingredients Marker
Inscription. Before the age of railroads, the basic ingredients of iron production needed to be nearby. That explains why furnaces were built in rural settings surrounded by the necessary raw materials.
A source of iron ore was essential.
As the furnaces burned, limestone separated impurities from the molten iron.
Huge forests supplied wood for charcoal, a fuel that burned with intense heat.
A stream or a creek provided water power to operate machinery designed to fan the charcoal fire, raising its temperature to nearly 3,000 F.
 
Erected by Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Pennsylvania Bureau of State Parks.
 
Location. 39° 54.4′ N, 77° 28.667′ W. Marker is in Fayetteville, Pennsylvania, in Franklin County. Marker can be reached from Pine Grove Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fayetteville PA 17222, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Making Iron (here, next to this marker); The Workers Pyramid (here, next to this marker); Caledonia Furnace (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Caledonia Furnace
Insert - iron ore and charcoal image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 12, 2012
2. Insert - iron ore and charcoal
(within shouting distance of this marker); The Good Roads Jubilee / The Lincoln Highway (within shouting distance of this marker); Thaddeus Stevens Blacksmith Shop (within shouting distance of this marker); Mary Jemison (approx. 2.8 miles away); Chestnut Spring (approx. 5.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fayetteville.
 
More about this marker. The marker is located by the Caledonia Furnace in Caledonia State Park.
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
Insert - mining iron ore image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 12, 2012
3. Insert - mining iron ore
Insert - hauling the raw materials image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 12, 2012
4. Insert - hauling the raw materials
Insert - a woodpile image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 12, 2012
5. Insert - a woodpile
Insert - the resulting charcoal image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 12, 2012
6. Insert - the resulting charcoal
The Caledonia Furnace stone stack image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 11, 2012
7. The Caledonia Furnace stone stack
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 84 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 5, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.   7. submitted on July 7, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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