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Hobson City in Calhoun County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Town of Hobson City, Alabama

 
 
Town of Hobson City, Alabama Marker (Front) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 5, 2017
1. Town of Hobson City, Alabama Marker (Front)
Inscription.
Front
Hobson City is Alabama's first incorporated black city. The area was first known as Mooree Quarter, a black settlement that was part of Oxford, Alabama. After a black man was elected Justice of the Peace in Oxford, one mayor promised, if elected, he would stop blacks from participating in elections. After his election, he went to the State Capitol in Montgomery and had the corporate boundaries of Oxford redrawn to exclude Mooree Quarter. With the help of Ross Black, an Anniston attorney, the colored citizens filed a petition on July 20, 1899 with the Calhoun County Probate Judge to become a separate municipality. After proper legal proceedings, the town was incorporated August 16, 1899. The municipality was called "Hobson City," after the Spanish American war hero Richard P. Hobson. Thus, Hobson City became the second municipality in the South controlled and governed entirely by colored people. At the time of incorporation, its population was 135 people consisting of 12 families.
(Continued on other side)

Rear
(Continued from other side)
Education was priority for the early leaders of Hobson City. In 1905 Professor C. E. Hanna organized the first school known as the Hobson City and Oxford Academy. A fire destroyed the school building in 1923.
Town of Hobson City, Alabama Marker (rear) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 5, 2017
2. Town of Hobson City, Alabama Marker (rear)
Hobson City led the way to build a new school named Calhoun County Training School, the first school in the county for African American students. This school has many distinguished alumni, including Dr. David Satcher, the 16th Surgeon General of the United States, Dr. Bobby Wright, Dr. Alfonzo Atkinson, Col. Ret. Franklin Todd, Major Ret. Benny Boyd, Col. Ret. Ronald Andrews, and Yvonne Grixsby, Ret. Army; mayors: Willie Maude Snow, Robert Pyles, Ralph Woods and Alberta McCrory; and educators: Jessie E. Bowens, Willie, Bailey, Charles McRath, William Hutchins, Aileen Howard, Georgia Calhoun, Mary Ransaw, and Betty Mason.
 
Erected 2010 by the Alabama Tourism Department and the Town of Hobson City.
 
Location. 33° 37.208′ N, 85° 50.585′ W. Marker is in Hobson City, Alabama, in Calhoun County. Marker is on Martin Luther King Drive east of Douglas Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located in Hobson City Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 622 Martin Luther King Drive, Anniston AL 36201, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Historic Oxford (approx. 0.6 miles away); Creek Indian Campaign Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); Simmons Park
The J.R. Striplin Hobson City Park and the Hobson City Senior Center. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 5, 2017
3. The J.R. Striplin Hobson City Park and the Hobson City Senior Center.
(approx. 0.6 miles away); Southern Railway Station Attack (approx. 2.1 miles away); Trailways Attack (approx. 2.6 miles away); Trailways Bus Station Attack (approx. 2.6 miles away); Anniston Public Library Desegregation (approx. 2.7 miles away); Greyhound Bus Station Protest, May 14, 1961 (approx. 2.7 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Copyline Magazine blog - Old African American city celebrates history. (Submitted on August 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. African AmericansEducationSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 22, 2017. This page originally submitted on August 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 69 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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