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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
 

Organized Resistance - the Free Groups of Amsterdam

 
 
Free Groups of Amsterdam Resistance Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, June 18, 2017
1. Free Groups of Amsterdam Resistance Marker
Inscription. In dit pand werd in september 1944 de Vrije Groepen Amsterdam (VGA) opgericht; een federatie van verzetsgroepen die zich tijdens de oorlog toelegde op de Joodse onderduik.

Lange tijd is onopgemerkt gebleven dat van de verzetsmensen van de VGA twintig procent een Joodse achtergrond had.

Hier was vanaf juli 1943 de groothandel in verbandstoffen en farmaceutische artikelen van Ben Bromet gevestigd.

Vanaf dat moment werd het een belangrijk kantoor van het verzet.


[English translation:]

In this building, the Free Groups of Amsterdam (VGA) was established in September 1944; a federation of resistance groups dedicated to hiding Jews during the war.

For a long time, it has been unnoticed that twenty-five percent of the VGA resistance members were of a Jewish background.

From July 1943 a wholesaler of medical dressings and pharmaceutical articles, Ben Bromet, was here.

From then on, it became important office of the resistance.
 
Erected by Stads Herstel Amsterdam.
 
Location. 52° 21.831′ N, 4° 53.853′ E. Marker is in Amsterdam, North Holland. Marker is on Keizersgracht just west of Utrechtsestraat, on the right

Organized Resistance - the Free Groups of Amsterdam Marker - Wide View image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, June 18, 2017
2. Organized Resistance - the Free Groups of Amsterdam Marker - Wide View
The marker is visible here at ground level on the left corner of the building.
when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Keizersgracht 695, Amsterdam, North Holland 1017 DW, Netherlands.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ferdinand Bol (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Gemeente Amsterdam Stadsarchief / Amsterdam City Archives (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Walter Süskind (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Christiaan Andriessen (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Joods Verzetsmonument /Jewish Resistance Monument (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Benedictus de Spinoza (1632-1677), Amsterdammer, Filosoof/Philosopher (approx. half a kilometer away); Woonhuis familie Nunes da Costa / Residence of the Nunes da Costa Family (approx. half a kilometer away); Elisabeth van Oostenrijk / Empress Elisabeth of Austria (approx. half a kilometer away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Amsterdam.
 
Also see . . .
1. Dutch citizens resist Nazi occupation, 1940-1945 (Global Nonviolent Action Database). (Submitted on September 22, 2017.)
2. Vrije Groepen Amsterdam (Wikipedia, in Dutch). "The Free Groups of Amsterdam was a federation of resistance groups in Amsterdam during the last years of the Second World War . The VGA originated at the end of 1943 to coordinate the mutual contacts between Amsterdam resistance organizations. The groups, of which about 20 percent of the approximately 350 members had a Jewish or part-Jewish background, mainly devoted themselves to the lodging and care of Jewish subversives. They were, among other things, active in providing false identification, food ration coupons, food and financial support to subversives and resistance members." (Submitted on September 22, 2017.) 
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.War, World II
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 22, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 22, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 22, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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