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Fort Drum in Jefferson County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Camp Hughes (1907)

 
 
Camp Hughes (1907) Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 13, 2017
1. Camp Hughes (1907) Marker
Inscription.

The story of Fort Drum began in 1906, [when] a partnership between the U.S. Army at Madison Barracks and North Country community leaders began looking for local training areas. The area in Felt[s] Mills, immediately north of the Black River, was chosen. Between August 31 and September 7, 1907, the New York National Guard established a temporary tent encampment, which they called Camp Hughes.

Camp Hughes was named for Charles E. Hughes, who was then the governor of New York. Since that summer, U.S. Army soldiers have trained annually at the site of Fort Drum. The following year, Brigadier General Frederic Dent Grant, (the oldest son of President Ulysses S. Grant), led thousands of soldiers back to the area north of the Black River, known locally as "Pine Plains." Grant commanded regular army units and National Guard regiments from throughout the northeast. The camp at Pine Plains formally opened on June 11, 1908 and training continued throughout the summer.

[Photo captions, from top to bottom, read]
Camp Hughes - Felts Mills, N.Y.

Camp Hughes Felts Mills, N.Y. Aug. 31st. 1907

Colonel Philip Reade (1844-1919)
Colonel Philip Reade, as Regimental Commander of the 23rd US Infantry at Madison Barracks, was a driving force behind Camp Hughes' selection and success. As Madison Barracks commander,

Camp Hughes (1907) Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 13, 2017
2. Camp Hughes (1907) Marker
Looking SW, with Mt. Belvidere Boulevard in background
Colonel Reade realized that developments in modern military weapons such as bolt action rifles, machine guns, and rapid firing artillery pieces had exceeded the capability of the US Army to train at Sackets Harbor. Accordingly, he coordinated with local North Country and New York state political leaders to find a new local training location. His efforts resulted in Camp Hughes in 1907, Pine Camp in 1908, and the establishment of the Pine Camp Military Reservation in 1909.

This photograph is a distinctive type popular around the turn of the century, called a "Multigraph" - essentially, five different images of the same individual contained on a single photograph.

Governor Charles E. Hughes and General Grant on the occasion of the governor's inspection of the camp
 
Erected by the 10th Mountain Division & Fort Drum Museum.
 
Location. 44° 2.293′ N, 75° 47.884′ W. Marker is in Fort Drum, New York, in Jefferson County. Marker is on Mt. Belvidere Boulevard south of Enduring Freedom Drive, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Visitors Park Information Center, Fort Drum NY 13602, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Pine Camp (1908) (here, next to this marker);

Visitors Park Information Center Sign image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
3. Visitors Park Information Center Sign
Pine Camp Cantonment (1941) (here, next to this marker); Camp Drum (1951) (here, next to this marker); Fort Drum (1974) (here, next to this marker); 10th Mountain Division (1985) (here, next to this marker); 10th Mountain Division & Fort Drum Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Drum - North Country Memorial Flag Pole (approx. 0.9 miles away); Early Settlers of Watertown (approx. 7.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Drum.
 
Regarding Camp Hughes (1907). Access is restricted due to the marker being on an active military installation; visitors should expect to provide proper ID and automobile registration/insurance paperwork for post entry.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Drum Through The Years. (Submitted on November 21, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Fort Drum History. (Submitted on November 21, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Military
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 21, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 21, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 58 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 21, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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