Astoria in Clatsop County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
The Ghadar Party, often considered the beginning of the 20th century Indian independence movement, crystalized in May 1913 at a meeting in Astoria's Finnish Socialist Hall (located behind this sign along Marine Drive). This revolutionary political movement was driven by the Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims of the South Asian Indian community spanning British Columbia to California.
They wished to free India from British rule and Ghadar became an international anti-colonial resistance movement. The ethnic persecution and mob violence they experienced fueled their movement for justice as did the ideals of Western democracy. Though Ghadar was unsuccessful at the time, the meetings here helped to set in motion the events that finally led to their self -governance and freedom.
Location. 46° 11.392′ N, 123° 50.997′ W. Marker is in Astoria, Oregon, in Clatsop County. Marker can be reached from Bay Street north of West Marine Drive (U.S. 30) when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located along the Astoria Riverwalk, between the north end of Bay Street and the Columbia River. Marker is in this post office area: Astoria OR 97103, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Uniontown Curfew Bell (about 500 feet away, measured Soldiers Monument (about 500 feet away); The Butterfly Fleet (about 600 feet away); Site of Astoria's First Electric Generating Station (approx. 0.3 miles away); Astoria Sesquicentennial (approx. 0.6 miles away); Astoria & Warrenton (approx. 0.7 miles away); Captain Flavel Trees (approx. 0.7 miles away); Captain George Flavel Mansion (approx. ¾ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Astoria.
Also see . . .
1. East Indians of Oregon and the Ghadar Party.
In the early twentieth century, five to six hundred men and one family of East Indians lived along the Columbia River, from The Dalles to the coast, with the largest numbers settling in St. Johns and Astoria. A small group also worked for the railroads in southern Oregon. In the spring of 1913, East Indians formed the radical nationalist Ghadar Party in Astoria. The meeting was held in the Finnish Socialist Hall, reflecting the important ties and comradery East Indian activists had, in Astoria and elsewhere, with socialists, radical labor organizers, and Irish, Finnish, Mexican, and Chinese nationalists. (Submitted on January 19, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Ghadar Party Centennial Celebration.
That Astoria was the birthplace of such a significant political movement was largely unknown until an article written by Johanna Ogden appeared in Oregon Historical Quarterly in the summer of 2012. An excerpt from the article provides a sense of perspective: " Men from the length of the Columbia River and beyond filled the hall that May in Astoria. Within a year of the meeting, hundreds of Punjabis, overwhelmingly laborers from the West Coast led by Sohan Singh Bhakna from Portland, returned to India with the hope of sparking an insurrection against British rule. Most were promptly captured, detained, tried or executed." (Submitted on January 19, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Asian Americans • Politics •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 22, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 19, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 85 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 19, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.