Near Virginia City in Madison County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
Alder Gulch at peak population numbered ten thousand souls and the colorful mining camps that enjoyed the limelight were so numerous that contemporaries named it the Fourteen-mile City. Adobetown was one of the many settlements that lined the gulch. Centrally located a mile below Nevada City, it took its name from the dwellings miners built of adobe bricks they fashioned from mud and grass. The small settlement lay in one of the richest sections of the gulch. In 1864 alone, it was a hub of activity that reportedly yielded $350,000 in gold. In its heyday the area around Adobetown and Nevada City supported some 75 to 100 placer claims that each employed 5 to 12 men. Salaries ranged from $5 to $8 a day.
Irish-born Nicholas Carey walked from Denver to the Alder Gulch gold fields with his possessions on his back. But Carey's future was not in mining. In 1865, he built a log mercantile at Adobetown. He and partner David O'Brien added a post-express office and soon stages from Salt Lake City and the Northern Pacific railhead at Corinne, Utah made regular stops for passengers and mail at the Adobetown store. Adobetown once boasted a store, blacksmith shop, two hotels and a school. The school, built in 1873, served Adobetown's youngsters until 1923. The building was moved to Virginia City in 1960 where it stands today.
Location. 45° 18.847′ N, 111° 58.814′ W. Marker is near Virginia City, Montana, in Madison County. Marker is on State Highway 287 half a mile north of Brown's Gulch Road, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located in a pull-out on the west side of the highway. Marker is in this post office area: Virginia City MT 59755, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gold in Alder Gulch (here, next to this marker); Finney House (approx. 0.7 miles away); Montana’s Oldest Standing School (approx. 0.7 miles away); Site of the Trial and Hanging of George Ives (approx. 0.7 miles away); Gallows Barn (approx. ¾ mile away); Nevada City (approx. ¾ mile away); History Wins! (approx. ¾ mile away); An Important Era in Railroad History (approx. ¾ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Virginia City.
More about this marker. Marker is a large, composite "billboard-style" marker, suspended from a heavy wooden frame, and in good condition.
Also see . . .
1. A Brief Virginia City History.
Hundreds of hopeful prospectors and camp followers of all stripes were crowding along the length of the stream which the discovery men had named “Alder Creek.” Nine mining camps soon came into existence along approximately a fourteen-mile stretch of Alder Creek gulch; including Summit City, Pine Grove, Highland City, Bear Town, Central City, Nevada City, Adobetown, and Junction City. (Submitted on May 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. School Children Pose in Front of First School in Adobe Town.
(Link presents 1865 photograph of a group of school children and teacher posing in front of a log cabin in Adobetown.)
Caption reads "First school at Adobe Town, about two miles from Virginia City, Montana. George Allen of Virginia City taught school in this building." (Submitted on May 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Education • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on May 3, 2018. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 53 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.