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Alaşehir in Alaşehir (district), Manisa, Turkey
 

Yildirim Beyazit Mosque (1390 - 1400 AD)

Yıldırım Beyazıt Camii (M.1390 - M.1400)

 
 
Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
1. Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker
Inscription.
English Text

The Yildirim Beyazit Mosque, reflecting Ottoman architecture, located in Alasehir district of Manisa province.

Construction of the mosque was started between the years 1390-1400 by the Ottoman sultan Yildirim Beyazit, but before it could be completed, the War of Ankara broke out. Yildirim Beyazit and the construction workers abandoned the construction of the mosque since they participated in the war. The mosque was completed later on by the townsfolk with a wooden roof and opened for prayer service.

Alasehir stayed under Ottoman possession for 531 consecutive before being invaded by the Greek on June 24, 1920. The Yildirim Beyazit Mosque was burnt to the ground by the occupiers.

After the Turkish War of Independence, the mosque was renovated according to its original form, and its minaret and roof were rebuilt. The width of this mosque is twice its length, and it has a plan with 3 minaret balconies.

The Yildirim Beyazit Mosque was also a subject of the books by Evliya Çelebi.

Due to the several repairs made, many original features of the mosque had been lost, but the originality of the base of the minaret in the northwest was preserved.

Yildirim Beyazit encountered the following incident related to this mosque. Part of the people in Alasehir, who were unhappy with the presence of the Saint Jean Church, demanded its demolition. Yildirim Beyazit did not permit the Church to be demolished. He ordered that a mosque bearing his name be built just opposite the Church, and this mosque was built. Moreover, Yildirim Beyazit demonstrated just how much he cared about free practice of religion with his following sentences: "He who wishes to go to the mosque to practice his religion may do so. He who wishes to go to the church, may go to the church. Nobody may interfere in anybody else's religion and beliefs."

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Turkish Text

Manisa ili Alaşehir ilçesinde bulunan, Osmanlı Mimari özelliklerini yansıtan Yıldırım Beyazıt Camii;

1390 -1400 yılları arasında Osmanlı Sultanı Yıldırım Beyazıt tarafından inşa edilmeye başlanmış ancak yapımı tamamlanamadan Ankara Savaşı çıkmıştır. Yıldırım Beyazıt ve yanında çalışan işçiler savaşa katıldıkları için camii inşaatını yarıda bırakmışlardır. Daha sonra yarım kalan camii inşaatı şehir halkı tarafından ahşap çatı ile kapatılıp tamamlanmış ve ibadete açılmıştır.

Osmanlı yönetiminde aralıksız 531 yıl kalan Alaşehir, 24 Haziran 1920'de Yunan işgali altında kalmıştır. Yıldırım Beyazıt Camii ise, işgalciler tarafından yakılıp yıkılmıştır.

Kurtuluş savaşı sonrasında Yıldırım Beyazıt Camii eski şekliyle tekrar onarımdan geçirilip minare ve çatısı yeniden yapılmıştır. Eni boyunun iki katı olan bu cami 3 şerefeli plana sahiptir.

Yıldırım Beyazıt Camii, Evliya Çelebi'nin kitaplarına da konu olmuştur.

Sonradan Yapılan onarımlar nedeniyle pek çok orijinal özelliğini kaybeden Yıldırım Beyazıt Camii'nin Kuzey batısında bulunan minare'nin gövde kısmı halen orijinalliğini korumaktadır.

Yıldırım Beyazıt, bu camiiyle ilgili şöyle bir olayla karşılaşmıştır. Camii'nin karşısında bulunan Saint Jean Kilise'sinden rahatsız olan bir kısım halk, kilisenin yıkılmasını ister. Yıldırım Beyazıt ise kilisenin yıkılmasına izin vermez. Kilisenin karşısına benim adıma bir camii yapın der ve kendisi adına bu camii yapılır.

Yıldırım Beyazıt bununla da kalmaz,dini inançların yaşanmasına ne kadar önem verdiğini şu cümleleri ile gösterir. "Dinini yaşamak için isteyen camiye gitsin, isteyen de kiliseye gitsin; kimse kimsenin dinine ve inançlarına karışmasın. "demiştir.

Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
2. Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker
A more distant view of the marker with the mosque in the immediate background.

 
Erected by Bati.
 
Location. 38° 20.966′ N, 28° 31.061′ E. Marker is in Alaşehir, Manisa, in Alaşehir (district). Marker is on Ismet Pasa Cd. just from Atatürk Cd., on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. This marker is on the north side of the road, opposite the grounds of the ruins of St. Jean Church. Marker is at or near this postal address: İsmet Paşa Cd. No:114, Alaşehir, Manisa 45600, Turkey.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within walking distance of this marker. St. Jean Kilisesi (a few steps from this marker).
 
Categories. ArchitectureChurches & Religion
 
Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
3. Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker
A partial view of the marker and the mosque that it describes, as seen from the grounds of the ruins of the St. Jean Church.
Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
4. Yildirim Beyazit Mosque Marker
View of the grounds of the ruined St. Jean Church, situated across the street from the marker, and famous for being in Philadelphia, which at an earlier time had a church body that was part of the seven churches of Revelation.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 25, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 24, 2018, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 45 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 24, 2018, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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