Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Brownsville in Cameron County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Federal Court Site

 
 
Federal Court Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 18, 2018
1. Federal Court Site Marker
Inscription.
Built 1850 by Wm. C. Douglas, who arrived with Gen. Zachary Taylor during Mexican War.

In 1852 by order of U. S. Congress, first Federal Court in Brownsville was held in back room here by Judge John Watrous.

Recorded Texas Historical Landmark – 1965

 
Erected by Texas Historical Survey Committee.
 
Location. 25° 54.066′ N, 97° 29.883′ W. Marker is in Brownsville, Texas, in Cameron County. Marker is at the intersection of East Elizabeth Street and East 12th Street (Business U.S. 77), on the left when traveling south on East Elizabeth Street. Touch for map. Marker and Texas Historical Medallion are mounted at eye-level, directly on the subject building, at the southeast corner of the intersection, facing East Elizabeth Street. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1201 East Elizabeth Street, Brownsville TX 78520, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Celaya Building (a few steps from this marker); San Román Building (within shouting distance of this marker); San Roman Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Manautou Building
Federal Court Site Marker (<i>wide view; marker visible near corner of building</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 18, 2018
2. Federal Court Site Marker (wide view; marker visible near corner of building)
(about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Public Market and Town Hall (about 400 feet away); Brownsville Home of Charles Stillman (about 500 feet away); Stillman House / Residencia Stillman (about 500 feet away); Stillman House Museum (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Brownsville.
 
Regarding Federal Court Site. Recorded Texas Historical Landmark (1965). This former court house site is currently occupied by a retail jewelry store.
 
Also see . . .
1. History of the Southern District of Texas. On March 4, 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt signed "a bill to divide the State of Texas into four judicial districts," creating the Southern District of Texas. The first federal judge in Texas was John C. Watrous, who was appointed on May 26, 1846, to hold court in Galveston, with jurisdiction over the whole state. Judge Watrous had been Attorney General of the Republic of Texas. On February 21, 1857, the state was divided into two districts, Eastern and Western, with Judge Watrous continuing in the Eastern district. Judge Watrous and Judge Thomas H. DuVal, of the Western District of Texas, left the state on the secession of Texas from the Union, the only two United States Judges not to resign their posts in states that seceded. When Texas was restored to the Union, Watrous and DuVal resumed their duties and served until 1870. (Submitted on June 28, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. The History of the Southern District of Texas - The Brownsville Division. This excellent professional video, produced by the Brownsville Historical Association and the Cameron County Bar Association, presents the history of the Southern District. At about 1 minute into the video, Judge John Watrous' first federal court session held on this corner in Brownsville is discussed. Another interesting topic: at the time Watrous was appointed in 1846, there were no roads or safe trails between Galveston and Brownsville, so Watrous had to travel by ship to conduct court in these two cities. (Submitted on June 28, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. GovernmentNotable Buildings
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 29, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 27, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 45 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 28, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement