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Harrisburg in Saline County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Harrisburg

 
 
Harrisburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 15, 2017
1. Harrisburg Marker
Inscription. James A. Harris moved to this area in the 1820’s and established a sawmill and mule barn near the present corner of Vine and Church streets. Harris, John Cain, John Pankey and James Yandall donated land for the town site, platted in 1853. The area was known as “Crusoe’s Island” because it resembled an island during the frequent floods of the time. The first business was a grocery store built of logs, operated by James Feazel, located south of the city square on what is now Poplar Street. The county seat officially moved from Raleigh to Harrisburg in 1859.
 
Location. 37° 44.311′ N, 88° 32.405′ W. Marker is in Harrisburg, Illinois, in Saline County. Marker is at the intersection of East Poplar Street (Illinois Route 34) and Main Street, on the right when traveling west on East Poplar Street. Touch for map. Marker is located at the southwest corner of the Saline County Courthouse grounds, which is the northeast corner of the Poplar Street/Main Street intersection. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10 East Poplar Street, Harrisburg IL 62946, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within walking distance of this marker. Saline County Courthouse Clock (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line).
 
Also see . . .
Harrisburg Marker (<i>marker located within small plaza at corner of courthouse grounds</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 15, 2017
2. Harrisburg Marker (marker located within small plaza at corner of courthouse grounds)

1. History of Harrisburg. Coal mining was one of the city’s biggest industries. In 1854, the first slope coal mine began operations southeast of the community. At first, the coal was carried by wagon to area homes and businesses and used for heating. After the Civil War, coal production became an important industry in the county. The first shaft mine was sunk in 1873 or 1874. This was followed by the creation of several more shaft mines and by an influx of settlers drawn to the area to work the mines. By 1906, the county was producing more than 500,000 tons of coal annually, with more than 1,000 miners at work. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. A Brief History of Harrisburg, Illinois. The county seat was not moved for five years after Harrisburg was laid out and building had begun. Another election was called, and those favoring Harrisburg claimed a majority of fifteen votes. The case was taken into court and remained there a long time, but the court did nothing, and finally threw it out. Some have contended that the Harrisburg supporters bought it out. At any rate, in 1859 the county seat was moved to Harrisburg, and Harrisburg was incorporated as a town in 1861. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. Harrisburg, Illinois: Industrial Origins
Harrisburg Marker (<i>marker is located behind bench in plaza at corner of intersection</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 15, 2017
3. Harrisburg Marker (marker is located behind bench in plaza at corner of intersection)
. Between 1860 and 1865 southern cotton became unavailable during the Civil War, Harrisburg was one of the few cities in the Upland South during this time to have woolen mills, making the town an industrial asset early on to Southern Illinois. Several planing mills and flour mills also dotted the city. The Cairo and Vincennes Railroad was completed in 1872 by Ambrose Burnside, and American Civil War, Union Army, brigadier general Green Berry Raum, who was living in Harrisburg at that time. Robert King, an early proprietor, opened a brick and tile factory at the southern terminus of Main Street in 1896 with the capacity of carrying out 15,000 bricks every 10 hours. Harrisburg also saw the opening of several saw mills. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 5, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 27 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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