Oxford in Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Park End Street
You are standing on Pacey's Bridge which crosses two branches of the Castle Mill Stream, itself a branch of the River Thames. The original bridge was constructed in 1770 when Park End Street and New Road were built as a turnpike road to provide a direct route to the west. The area developed as a small industrial suburb where people made their living from fishing, river and later canal transport, brewing and milling.
Making a living on the river
In early medieval times, this area was riverside meadows dominated by the stone keep of Oxford Castle (on the castle mound or motte behind you). The first houses in what became Fisher Row were built in the 13th century on the island between the two streams. Locally-caught fish were an important part of people's diet, particularly before the Reformation when fast days were still observed.
There was plenty of variety and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer sampled 15 different types of fish while he was imprisoned in Oxford before his execution in 1556. Local fishermen made extra money by cultivating osiers, a type of willow, for basket-making and by supplying ducks for sale in the market.
From the late 16th century, Fisher Row boatmen were transporting goods on the upper Thames and on the Oxford Canal after 1790. Fisher Row declined as commercial fishing and boating lost
A Royal Warrant
‘The New Road' that blasted its way through this waterside community in 1770 led to the development of breweries, warehouses, wharves – Park End Wharf lasted until 1880 – and other industries. Frank Cooper's Oxford marmalade was made in the building now called the Jam Factory (ahead of you in Frideswide Square). It began production on a much smaller scale when, in 1874, Frank Cooper's wife, Sarah, made 76 pounds of marmalade to her own recipe. It proved popular and eventually the factory was built to supply the demand. The marmalade now holds a Royal Warrant and it is said the Queen sometimes enjoys it with her breakfast! Wheels of Industry
You're in Oxford's old beer district. There were once four breweries nearby. Later the street became known as the ‘street of wheels', lined with garages and car showrooms. You can still see their names set into mosaics at some shop entrances. ( photo caption )
Exterior of Frank Cooper's marmalade factory on Park End Street, 1904.
Oxford Canal wharf.
Interior of Frank Cooper's marmalade factory on Park End Street showing the packers at work.
Location. 51° 45.163′ N, 1° 15.904′ W. Marker is in Oxford, England, in Oxfordshire. Marker is at the intersection of Park End Street and Worcester Street, on the right when traveling west on Park End Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Oxford, England OX1 1JD, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Baptists of Oxford (within shouting distance of this marker); New Road (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Oxford Castle Timeline (about 150 meters away); Vaulted Well Chamber (about 150 meters away); Prison D Wing (about 150 meters away); The Perimeter Wall (about 180 meters away); Prison Debtors’ Tower (about 180 meters away); Archaeology, the Castle Ditch (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oxford.
Categories. • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 6, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 6, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 39 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 6, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.