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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Kasmil in Municipality of Sarandé, Vlorė (county), Albania
 

Venetians at Butrint

Venecianėt nė Butrint

 

—Periudha Veneciane/XVI Cent. AD/Venetian Period —

 
Venetians at Butrint Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
1. Venetians at Butrint Marker
Captions: (top center) Lithograph by George de la Poer Beresford, 1855; (top right) Triangular Fortress; (center right) Venetian Tower; (bottom right) Triangular Fortress.
Inscription. The texts on this marker are written in Albanian (shqip) (top left) and English (bottom left). Only the English text has been transcribed. To read the Albanian (shqip) text, enlarge the marker image by clicking on it.

English:

The Republic of Venice was an economic powerhouse, dominating Mediterrean trade between Europe and the Levant through naval might from the 11th to the 18th centuries. In 1387, the Republic purchased Corfu along with Butrint to control shipping and trade along the Adriatic coast. Aside from its strategic importance, the enclave at Butrint provided fish, timber, olives and pasture for the horses of the Venetian garrison on Corfu.
From the 15th century, the Venetians were in a state of almost perpetual conflict with the burgeoning Ottoman Empire. Butrint was repeatedly assaulted by the Ottomans, with an eye on Corfu as the main prize, and the occupation of the city passed back and forth.
In the late 15th-early 16th centuries, the Venetians re-fortified Butrint to protect their valuable mainland resources, first building the Triangular Fortress and then a massive square blockhouse, known as the Venetian Tower. As the site of the ancient city crumbled, the fortress 'became' Butrint, continuing to safeguard the fisheries, and surrounding Venetian landholdings. Venice capitulated
The Venetian Tower and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
2. The Venetian Tower and Marker
to Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797, whereupon Butrint promptly fell into the hands of the infamous local despot Ali Pasha of Tepelena.
 
Erected by Parku Kombėtar Butrint and Albanian American Development Foundation.
 
Location. 39° 44.643′ N, 20° 1.194′ E. Marker is near Kasmil, Vlorė (county), in Municipality of Sarandé. Marker can be reached from Route SH81 when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Kasmil, Vlorė (county) 9706, Albania.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Changing Settlement (within shouting distance of this marker); Sacred Origins (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Sanctuary of Asclepius (about 150 meters away); The Theatre (about 150 meters away); The Expansion of Butrint (about 180 meters away); The Roman Forum (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); Roman Town Planning (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); The Baptistery and its mosaic pavements (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Kasmil.
 
More about this marker. The marker is located in Butrint National Park, just north of the ferry on route SH81.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesSettlements & Settlers
 
The Venetian Tower image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
3. The Venetian Tower
The Triangular Fortress image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2018
4. The Triangular Fortress
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 28, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 28, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 24 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 28, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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