Kinloss in Moray, Scotland, United Kingdom
The Cistercians of Kinloss
“Seven times a day do I praise thee”
Worship in Church
Husbandry of Animals The Bedford Hours, Paris c1423 By permission of the British Library Cultivation of Crops The Tres Riche Heures of the Duc de Barry c1413 Courtesy of Musee Conde, Chantilly Fishing the Findhorn Manuscript Dante Divina Comedia Florence c1412 Courtesy of H.P. Kraus, New York Copying Manuscripts Tripartite Psalter with Gloss Cznterbury c1150 Courtesy of Trinity College Cambridge Administering the Lands Hugh of St Victor, late 12th C By
The Abbey Community
Abbot Elected or nominated head of the Abbey with absolute authority
Prior Second in command
Sub Prior Assistant to the Prior
Sacristan Responsible for the church, fittings, ornaments and clothes
Cantor Responsible for the service conducted in the church
Master of Novices Responsible for the training and guidance of all novices
Cellarer Responsible for the care and distribution of food and drink
Kitchener Supervises all cooking
Refectorian Ensures refectory and Lavatorium were ready for ise
Guest Master Responsible for all travellers and guests
Porter Head of security
Almoner Responsible for giving alms to the poor and needy
Infirmarian Responsible for the infirmary and its occupants
Chamberlain Ensures that the monks get clean clothes and bedding
Choir Monks Spend much of the day in prayer, study and literary work
Lay Brothers Spend day of labour around the Abbey or surrounding lands
Kinloss Abbey was founded from Melrose Abbey in 1150, itself a Daughter House of the great Rievaulx Abbey in Yorkshire. Located near the border with England, Melrose suffered greatly under the hands of successive English Monarchs, damaged by Edward II in 1322 and then by Richard II in 1385.
The heart of Robert the Bruce was buried at Melrose.
The Daughter Houses
As a result of the size and stature of Kinloss, the Abbot was able to found two new monasteries. In 1217 Culross Abbey, Fife was established followed in 1219 by Deer Abbey, Aberdeenshire. Each Abbey required Kinloss to provide an Abbot plus twelve monks.
Kinloss had twenty four Abbots in all, of which the following made a major contribution during their time.
1151 Anselm created as the first Abbot
1395 Adam of Teras 15th Abbot
Started building the Abbots Hall
Abbacy granted Mitre with seat in Parliament
Scandal spreads with accounts of immoral lives of the Abbot and monks
1440 John Ellam 18th Abbot
Brought many gifts and commenced repairs to the fabric of the monastery
Planned a Bell Tower to stand above the choir of the church
1504 Thomas Chrystall 22nd Abbot
Spent his office putting right all that had deteriorated over the previous 1oo years
Sent many monks
1531 Robert Reid 23rd Abbot
Most prolific and highly respected of the Abbots. Resolved numerous legal battles between the Abbey and local towns
Renovated and expanded the Abbey including the building of a library
Commissioned new works of art by Andrew Bairtrum, introduced 123 varieties of Pear and 146 varieties of Apple
Ambassador to the King, Lord President of the Court of Session
Later became Bishop of Orkney
Introduced structured education to Scotland and founded the University of Edinburgh
1553 Walter Reid 24th and last Abbot and nephew of Robert
Signed the Reformation of Parliament bringing an end to the Monasteries
Subsequently maintained control of Abbey and grounds, took himself a wife and raised a family
Gave away much of the Abbey lands and plundered the rest until his death in 1589
Monasteries would provide accommodation to whoever asked. This was the case when King Edward I and his invading army stayed at Kinloss in 1303. During their two week stay they consumed a years worth of food and drink. In 1336 Edward III stayed at Kinloss for a week whilst laying siege to Lochindorb Castle. Mary Queen of Scots stayed three nights at Kinloss during her tour of the North in 1562.
( photo captions )
- Melrose Abbey by Slezer Courtesy of The National Library of Scotland
- Culross Abbey by Slezer Courtesy of The National Library of Scotland
- Charter prepared by Robert Reid for Debatable Lands in the borders under Commission from Henry VIII
- Artist unknown Mary, Queen of Scots The Scottish National Portrait Gallery
Location. 57° 38.027′ N, 3° 33.989′ W. Marker is in Kinloss, Scotland, in Moray. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Scotland Route B9089 and Scotland Route B9011, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Kinloss, Scotland IV36 3TL, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Five Centuries in Kinloss (within shouting distance of this marker); Kinloss Abbey (within shouting distance of this marker); Kinloss War Memorial (approx. 3.6 kilometers away); Findhorn Tercentenary (approx. 3.6 kilometers away); Benjamin MacLean (approx. 8.8 kilometers away); Burghead War Memorial (approx. 8.8 kilometers away); The Harvest Reaper (approx. 8.9 kilometers away); Fortunes Beacon (approx. 9 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Kinloss.
Also see . . . Kinloss Abbey on Wikipedia. (Submitted on January 1, 2019, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
Categories. • Churches & Religion •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 1, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2019, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 34 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 1, 2019, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.