Spartanburg in Spartanburg County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Church of the Advent
Except the Lord build the house, their labor is in vain that build it.
placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior
Location. 34° 57.006′ N, 81° 55.476′ W. Marker is in Spartanburg, South Carolina, in Spartanburg County. Touch for map. Marker is located on the church building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 141 Advent Street, Spartanburg, SC, 29302, Spartanburg SC 29302, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. First Presbyterian Church of Spartanburg, S.C. (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Don Reno/The Blue Ridge Quartet (approx. ¼ mile away); Walter Hyatt / DesChamps Hood (approx. ¼ mile away); Hank Garland / Johnny Blowers (approx. 0.3 miles away); Barnet Park (approx. 0.3 miles away); Palmetto Building (approx. 0.4 miles away); Pink Anderson / The Marshall Tucker Band Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (approx. half a mile away); Daniel Morgan Monument (approx. half a mile away); William Walker / Clara Smith (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Spartanburg.
Also see . . .
1. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. The Church of Advent is significant both as the home of the first Episcopal congregation organized in Spartanburg County, and as an excellent example of a Gothic Revival sanctuary and church complex designed before the Civil War, with significant alterations and additions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (Submitted on November 10, 2008, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina.)
2. Church of the Advent web site. (Submitted on November 11, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
3. Gothic Revival Architecture. The Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or Neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement which began in the 1740s in England. (Submitted on May 31, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. Church of the advent
"The Church of the Advent also sponsors Boy Scout Troop No. 1, founded in 1914 by Dr. Pendleton as the first Boy Scout troop organized in South Carolina. The Boy Scout hut on the church grounds was built in 1927. The church cemetery surrounds the sanctuary. Many of its monuments are of notable artistic merit."
— Submitted March 3, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
2. Church of the Advent
The Church of the Advent, at 141 Advent Street in Spartanburg, S.C., consists of three buildings and a site: an expanded and mid-nineteenth century sanctuary, a connected parish hall, a Boy Scout hut, an a cemetery. A one-story stone sanctuary, designed by Rev. John DeWitt McCollough (1822-1902) with early Gothic Revival detailing, was begun in 1851 and completed and consecrated in 1864. The original plan was a simple rectangle of five bays with a chancel extension to the east. The stone is laid in a coursed rubble pattern with a struck grapevine joint and a cut or beveled soapstone water table. Cut soapstone is also used as the qouins and voussoir around the windows. Double-shouldered buttresses also capped with soapstone support all four sanctuary
In 1915 a stone belltower was added to the north side of the sanctuary. A.H. Ellwood of Elkhart, Indiana, was retained as its architect. On the west side of the tower is a columnal-supported Gothic arched entry portal with dedicatory frieze
The interior plan of the sanctuary features a central aisle. It has Gothic wood trussed framing and an exposed wooden deck ceiling. The chancel area was reconfigured in 1988 and a new slate floor was added. The original 1894 reredos, however, was retained. The early lancet windows are torus molded and contain fine works of stained glass. Markers include D'Ascenzo Studios in Philadelphia, Joseph G. Reynolds of Boston, and John Booth and Company of New York. A beaded board wainscoting and chair rail dating from the renovations of 1894 are intact today. A balcony with a blind arcade balustrade and extension contains the church's Historic photos of the 1920s [which] reveal that a wide stencil band once topped this wooden wainscoting. Vestiges of the original stenciling can be found in an entry closet and behind the cupboards in the sacristy.
Pendleton Hall, added to the north side of the church in 1912 and dedicated 13 April 1913, also
The north elevation, with its bold bow-front configuration, features six pointed arched windows on the first level and six square windows on the second floor. To the left of this there are two small square windows on the second floor and one window and door on the first. The east elevation consists of three double-hung, one-over-one light windows on both the first and
The third or first detached building on the property, built in 1927, was a Boy Scout hut constructed to house Troop No. 1, the first troop of Boy Scouts in South Carolina. The gable-front building's facade (south elevation) contains a central vertical-plank door with long metal strap hinges, flanking six-over-six, double-hung windows. The east and west sides each have two six-over-six light, double-hung windows. The east elevation also has a door between the windows. The siding is of split logs, installed in a vertical configuration. The gable ends are clad in the same manner, only running horizontally. The north elevation features a central exterior end brick chimney. One of the more interesting features of the building is the roof form and cladding.
Historically, the building's roof was thatched with a pent-roofed overhang containing a segmented-arched accommodating for the front door. currently, a composition-shingle roof installed in a thatched
The church cemetery, which contains the graves of both Rev. McCollough and Dr. Pendleton, among many other of Spartanburg's well-known religious, business and civic leaders, surrounds the sanctuary. In addition, many of its monuments are of notable artistic merit. A portion of the historic nineteenth-century cemetery wall remains. The first burial was in 1852 and ashes are still placed in the cloister (arcade) constructed in 1986.
In 1953 Satterlee Hall (named in honor of rev. Capers Satterlee, rector of the Church of the Advent 1944-1968), a two-story free standing educational building, was added to the church campus on the south of the sanctuary. Boston's notable architectural firm of Cram & Ferguson was hired in 1950 to work with the local firm of Hudson & Chapman to produce architectural plans; however, numerous obstacles prevented Fiske-Carter Construction Company from completing the building until 1953. The building, asymmetrical in its massing, features a Gothic revival portal entrance and stair tower, a flat roof, a random ashlar tan-peach stone veneer and metal framed windows. The north elevation is twelve window bays long and the south is ten bays. This building is considered noncontributing because it does not meet the age requirement for eligibility.
A cloister (arcade) connecting the sanctuary with Satterlee
A ca. 1976 gymnasium, located to the south of Satterlee Hall, is not included within the proposed National Register boundaries.
The Church of the Advent is significant both as the home of the first Episcopal congregation organized in Spartanburg County, and as an excellent example of a Gothic Revival sanctuary and church complex designed before the Civil War, with significant alterations and additions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The sanctuary was designed by the Rev. John DeWitt McCollough (d. 1902), rector at the Church of the Advent 1850-1857 and 1859-1875, with later major alterations and additions designed by Silas McBee (1853-1954) and A.H. Elwood and Sons.
The Church of the Advent has its origins in Episcopal services held on a regular basis in Spartanburg, Limestone Springs, and Glenn Springs from 1840 to 1845, when the Diocese of South Carolina rejected a formal application from the Episcopalians in Spartanburg District for admission as a regular congregation. The Diocese, pointing out that there were
The Episcopal families throughout Spartanburg District, consolidating into a single congregation, applied once again in early 1848 and were formally admitted into the Dioceses of South Carolina as the Church of the Advent, with the Rev. John DeWitt McCollough as its first priest. The new congregation -- the first Episcopal church in Spartanburg District -- met in both the Spartanburg male and female academies, as well as in the brick chapel at the Rev. McCollough's St. John's School, for several years. Though construction began on a brick sanctuary designed for McCollough in 1850 on land donated by Major J.E. Henry, the contractor left the area without completing the building and the unfinished walls were demolished the next year. The Church of the Advent, meanwhile, worshiped in a small frame chapel built on the property in 1851.
In December 1851 local contractor William Hunter began work on a stone sanctuary designed by McCollough, who would later also design Christ Church (1853) near Florence, and the Church of the Nativity (1859) in Union, both of which are individually listed in the National Register. McCollough is also known to have designed a number of other churches in South Carolina. Major
By the turn of the twentieth century, with Spartanburg enjoying dramatic growth as a result of its central role in the textile industry of the South Carolina Piedmont and the Church of the Advent enjoying dramatic growth as well, the congregation essentially rebuilt its 1864 sanctuary as a cost of #12,000.00. Though portions of the old walls were incorporated into the plans, the present Church of the Advent retains its basic architectural integrity from the 1897 design of Silas McBee, a North Carolina Episcopal layman with a keen interest in ecclesiastical architecture. McBee, editor of The Churchman, one of the leading American religious periodicals of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, traveled extensively studying the great cathedrals in the South, including St. John, Florence, S.C. (1889-91); Christ Church Cathedral, Houston, Texas (1893); The Church
Pendleton Hall, built 1912-13 as an addition to the north side of the sanctuary and designed by AH. Ellwood and Sons of Elkhart, Indiana, serves as the parish hall for the church of the Advent. Its interior, containing twenty-one rooms both large and small, is a modified version of the widely known Akron plan, utilized in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries for efficient Sunday School teaching. Many of its rooms featured movable outer partitions and could be opened if necessary onto a large assembly hall. Since Dr. Pendleton actively promoted the Sunday school and many other missions of Church of the Advent, the building proved very useful to his ministry and parishioners. A bell tower was built by John B. Cleveland as a memorial to his wife, Georgia Alden Cleveland, according to designs by Ellwood, was added to the sanctuary in 1915.
The Church of the Advent also sponsors Boy Scout Troop No. 1, founded in 1914 by Dr. Pendleton as the first Boy Scout troop organized in South Carolina. The Boy Scout hut on the church grounds was built in 1927 under Dr. Pendleton's guidance. (Source: National Register Nomination Form.)
3. John DeWitt McCollough
Son of John L. McCollough, who graduated at the South Carolina College in 1815. was admitted to the bar and practiced law. John D., was born at Society Hill, South Carolina, December 8. 1822. Attended St. David's Academy in his native town, and was privately taught by R.D. Shindler and Rev. W.W. Wheeler. Graduated in 1840 from the South Carolina College. On June 29, 1842, he married Miss Harriet B. Hart. He was a planter on Pee Dee from 1842 to 1848. Removed to Columbia in 1847 to study for the ministry; taught school at Glenns Springs the following year. Ordained a deacon June 21, 1848, and minister at Spartanburg and Glenns Springs. Removed to Spartanburg in 1851 and opened a school for boys. Built the St. Johns School (now Converse College), and conducted a large school assisted by several able teachers. Since 1848 has been steadily engaged in ministerial, work principally in Spartanburg and Union counties. Moved to Walhalla in 1892. Was secretary of the Episcopal Council or Diocesan Convention thirty-three years. Deputy to General Convention from 1874 to 1889. (Source: Men of the Time: Sketches of Living Notables. A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporaneous South Carolina Leaders by J.C. Garlington (1902), pp 273-274.)
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 9, 2008, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,298 times since then and 12 times this year. Last updated on November 11, 2008, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 9, 2008, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina. 3. submitted on May 31, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on November 9, 2008, by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina. 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on May 30, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 16, 17. submitted on May 31, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 18, 19. submitted on July 26, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27. submitted on May 31, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.