Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
At Ease: Stories I Tell to Friends
During World War I, the fields of Pickett's Charge became crowded with tents, barracks, workshops, and firing ranges. In March of 1918, Captain Dwight D. Eisenhower had been sent here to take command of Camp Colt, the home of the U.S. Army's new technology, the tank. It was Eisenhower's first independent command. His job - "to take in volunteers, equip, organize, and instruct them" - was made more difficult at first, because he had no tanks!
The fledgling Tank Corps practiced with machine guns mounted to flatbed trucks. They learned to repair engines and to tap out Morse code. By summer the soldiers practiced with three new Renault tanks. In the eight months before war's end, as many as 10,000 men passed through Camp Colt. Eisenhower's leadership here earned him the Distinguished Service Medal.
(Sidebar): Congress established Gettysburg National Military Park as a unit of the War Department in 1895. The army often used the old battlefield as a training camp. Camp Colt extended from where the housing development is on your right to Big Round To in the distance.
Location. 39° 48.98′ N, 77° 14.21′ W. Marker is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of Emmitsburg Road and Long Lane, on the right when traveling south on Emmitsburg Road. Touch for map. Located in front of Cemetery Ridge in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. "The Isolated and Advanced Position" of the 8th Ohio Infantry ( here, next to this marker); The Medal of Honor at Gettysburg ( here, next to this marker); 8th Ohio Infantry ( within shouting distance of this marker); Companies G and I, 4th Ohio Infantry ( within shouting distance of this marker); 107th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry ( about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); 11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment ( about 500 feet away); 111th New York Infantry ( about 500 feet away); The Brian Farm ( about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
More about this marker. In the upper center is a photograph of Eisenhower, with fellow British and American officers at Camp Colt. The British officers served as advisers
In the upper right is a reproduction of a the cover of a magazine. The Tank Corps magazine, Treat 'Em Rough, was published for a time at Camp Colt. It carried war news as well as articles on camp life.
The background of the marker is a view of Camp Colt, with key battlefield locations indicated - the Vermont and Pennsylvania Monuments, The Round Tops, and the Codori Farm.
Also see . . . Eisenhower at Gettysburg. His time at Camp Colt began a life long attachment to Gettysburg for Dwight Eisenhower. (Submitted on January 8, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, World I •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 8, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,082 times since then and 86 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on January 8, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2. submitted on August 1, 2014, by Paul James Vecchio of Omaha ,, Ne.. 3. submitted on January 8, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 4. submitted on February 21, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 5. submitted on January 8, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.