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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
West Point in Orange County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Constitution Island

 
 
Constitution Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
1. Constitution Island Marker
Inscription. In 1775, the first American patriots occupied Martelaer’s Rock (across the river) and soon renamed it Constitution Island after the British Constitution. In 1775, the Americans built Romans’ Battery on the island – still visible at the river line on the right. This was the first fortification in the West Point area. By the end of 1776, they also built Marine Battery, Hillcliff Battery and Gravel Hill Battery. In 1777, the British destroyed these positions.

In 1778 and 1779, the Americans partially rebuilt Marine Battery, completely rebuilt Gravel Hill Battery, and constructed three interior redoubts to protect the river batteries from attack from the north. These fortification added depth to the West Point defensive zone. Redoubt 7 is visible at the western tip of the island. Redoubt 6 can be seen in the winter on the high ground behind Romans’ Battery.

In 1778, the Great Chain was anchored at Constitution Island in the cove below Marine Battery. The cove is visible to the right of Romans’ Battery.
 
Location. 41° 23.754′ N, 73° 57.349′ W. Marker is in West Point, New York, in Orange County. Marker is on Washington Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located at Trophy Point at the U.S. Military Academy. Marker is in this post office area: West Point NY 10996, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Constitution Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 5, 2009
2. Constitution Island Marker
Constitution Island can be seen behind the marker.
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sherburne’s Redoubt (here, next to this marker); West Point in the American Revolution (here, next to this marker); In Memoriam (here, next to this marker); The Great Chain (here, next to this marker); Our National Heritage (here, next to this marker); Wars That Shaped the Nation (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Wars That Shaped the Nation (within shouting distance of this marker); Fred E. McAniff & John R. Parker (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Point.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. See the batteries and redoubts on Constitution Island mentioned on the marker.
 
Also see . . .  Information about Constitution Island. Constitution Island Association website. (Submitted on September 6, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Marker on Trophy Point image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 5, 2009
3. Marker on Trophy Point
Many markers and monuments are found at this location, overlooking the Hudson River at West Point.
Constitution Island image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 5, 2009
4. Constitution Island
Constitution Island is seen here from the marker.
Location of the Great Chain image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 2, 2012
5. Location of the Great Chain
The Great Chain was connected to Constitution Island near the white boat house on the right in the photo. The house of the Warner Sisters is seen on the left.
Great Chain on Constitution Island image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 29, 2012
6. Great Chain on Constitution Island
This replica of the Great Chain with log booms is located across the Hudson River on Constitution Island
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 6, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 885 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 9, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4. submitted on September 6, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5, 6. submitted on September 30, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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