Near Ladora in Iowa County, Iowa — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Historic Amana Colonies
The Amana Colonies consist of about 1,500 people living in seven villages and owning 25,000 acres of Iowa land. Born of religious enthusiasm, this unique brotherhood was founded in Germany in 1714 as the Community of True Inspiration in protest against the arbitrary rule of church and state. Oppressive governments forced them to seek a new home in America.
Led by Christian Metz, the Inspirationists crossed the Atlantic in 1842 and established six small villages on the outskirts of Buffalo, New York, which they called Ebenezer. The rapid expansion of Buffalo threatened the isolation they sought, and in 1854 a committee visited the West and selected a home in the Iowa River Valley.
Metz laid out the first village in the new purchase in 1855 and called it “Amana,” signifying “Remain True” or “Believe Faithfully.” Five more villages were established within six miles of Amana –– West Amana, South Amana, High Amana, Middle Amana, and East Amana. A seventh village, Homestead, was purchased to provide access to the railroad.
The Inspirationists incorporated in Iowa as the Amana Society in 1859, adopting a constitution that went into effect in 1860. The constitution declared God should “remain forever” the foundation
The constitution remained the law of the Society for nearly a century. The advent of the automobile and paved road made isolation no longer possible. Spiritual enthusiasm flagged, memories of the founders dimmed and the old ideal waned. In 1932 the Society reorganized as a joint stock company wherein the stockholders became both owners and employees.
Although church and state are now separated, the cooperative capitalism retains elements of the old Amana, which is still regarded as one of the most successful experiments in communal living in American history.
Erected 1967 by State Historical Society of Iowa and the Iowa State Highway Commission.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Iowa, State Historical Society of marker series.
Location. 41° 41.705′ N, 92° 13.809′ W. Marker is near Ladora, Iowa, in Iowa County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 80 at milepost 208, 2.6 miles Touch for map. The marker is located at the Victor Rest Area Eastbound, 2.1 miles east of Exit 205 on Interstate 80. Marker is in this post office area: Ladora IA 52251, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within walking distance of this marker. Historic Grinnell (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
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1. Wikipedia Entry. For eighty years, the Amana Colony maintained an almost completely self-sufficient local economy, importing very little from the industrializing American economy. The Amanians were able to achieve this independence and lifestyle by adhering to the specialized crafting and farming occupations that they had brought with them from Europe. Craftsmen passed their skills and techniques on from one generation to the next. They used hand, horse, wind, and water power, and made their own furniture, clothes, and other goods. The community voted to form a for-profit organization during the Great Depression, the Amana Society, which included the Amana Corporation. Today, the Seven Villages of Amana are a tourist attraction known for its restaurants and craft shops. The colony was listed as a National Historic Landmark in 1965. (Submitted on January 14, 2017.)
2. Amana Colonies. The Amana Colonies have been a landmark on the Iowa prairie for over 150 years - reminding us of a simpler time. (Submitted on July 21, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
Categories. • Churches, Etc. • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 21, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,269 times since then and 143 times this year. This page was the Marker of the Week January 15, 2017. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 21, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on October 22, 2014, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 21, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on May 8, 2011, by Bob (peach) Weber of Prescott Valley, Arizona.