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East Canaan in Litchfield County, Connecticut — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Tuyere Arch

Beckley Furnace Industrial Monument

 
 
Tuyere Arch Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
1. Tuyere Arch Marker
Inscription.
Tuyere Arch
One of three such arches, this opening was used to route hot blast air to the furnace. Simulated piping has been installed in this arch to show how it could have looked when the furnace was in operation. Basically the piping consists of a main pipe from the oven. Because the oven was usually located on top of the furnace this pipe was called the "downcomer".
Here at Beckley the oven was located on the hill to the east of the furnace stack and the downcomer entered the furnace via the east arch. The downcomer fed a semicircular horizontal pipe called the "bustle pipe" that carried the air to each tuyere arch. The simulated piping here shows the end of the bustle pipe entering from the right. Since the temperature of the blast air was about 800 degrees this arch would not have been a comfortable place to be when the furnace was in operation.
During the life of this furnace different arrangements of tuyeres were used. It is likely that only a single tuyere was included in the original 1847 design. The single tuyere arrangement is the one shown by the simulated piping in the arch.
At a later time this furnace had a total of 5 tuyeres. At that time there would have been two tuyeres in this arch and the arch opposite it and one in the large rear arch. While we do not exactly what the piping looked
The Marker in Front of a Tuyere Arch image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
2. The Marker in Front of a Tuyere Arch
The marker is in front of one of the three tuyere arches. The fourth wall of the furnace structure contained the larger casting arch, where the molten iron was drawn off into molds.
like for the later configuration, we have found some examples from other sites that show what the piping may have looked like.
This area was also the exhaust for a ventilation system under the hearth. This system allowed air to circulate and vented any gas or steam that might build up thus keeping the hearth cooler and preventing explosions. This ventilation system was discovered when the furnace was restored.
 
Erected 2002 by Friends of Beckley Furnace, Inc.
 
Location. 42° 0.664′ N, 73° 17.541′ W. Marker is in East Canaan, Connecticut, in Litchfield County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Lower Road and Furnace Hill Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Located at Beckley Furnace Industrial Monument. Marker is in this post office area: East Canaan CT 06024, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Birth of an Industry (a few steps from this marker); Salamander (a few steps from this marker); What Is This Place? (a few steps from this marker); Casting Arch & Furnace Hearth (a few steps from this marker); Samuel Forbes (approx. 0.4 miles away);
Tuyere Arch and Piping to the Tuyere Nozzle image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
3. Tuyere Arch and Piping to the Tuyere Nozzle
Behind the bricks is the crucible holding molten iron. The tuyere nozzle is at the bottom of the pipe, to inject air into the crucible.
East Canaan Veterans Monument (approx. half a mile away); North Canaan (approx. 2 miles away); Joseph Deferari (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in East Canaan.
 
Also see . . .  Friends of Beckley Furnace. (Submitted on April 25, 2011, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
The Beckley Furnace Tuyere Arch image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
4. The Beckley Furnace Tuyere Arch
The dam across the Blackberry River at Beckley Furnace. image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, April 15, 2011
5. The dam across the Blackberry River at Beckley Furnace.
Water supplied power for the air blast which made the furnace more efficient.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 25, 2011, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 404 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 25, 2011, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.
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