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Waterford in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Waterford Mill

 
 
The Waterford Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 15, 2007
1. The Waterford Mill Marker
Inscription. Amos Janney's enterprising son Mahlon inherited the first mill in 1747 and soon improved it. By 1762 he had built a new, larger mill of of stone and wood on this site. The brick structure here today replaced Mahlon's mill in the 1820s.

The surrounding Loudoun Valley produced the grain that was ground to flour for export to Baltimore and Washington and beyond. By the mid 1800s, access to these markets was greatly improved by the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad, which passed along the Potomac River ten miles north of Waterford.

In the 1880s, miller J.F. Dodd put up a three-story frame and sheet-metal addition at the rear of the mill, doubling its size. He also modernized its machinery, introducing "roller" technology to supplement the old grindstones.

The mill operated well into the 20th century but could not survive the modern competition and the Great Depression. Milling finally ceased in 1939. The machinery and the rear addition were eventually sold for scrap.

The newly formed Waterford Foundation purchased the building in 1943 and has used it since to host the annual Waterford Homes Tour and Crafts Exhibit. In 1997, a set of roller-process machinery similar to that used during the mill's last 50 years of production was donated to the Waterford Foundation. It has been installed in the building as a static display.
The Waterford Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 15, 2007
2. The Waterford Mill Marker

 
Location. 39° 11.43′ N, 77° 36.853′ W. Marker is in Waterford, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is at the intersection of Old Wheatland Road (County Route 698) and Bond Street, on the right when traveling east on Old Wheatland Road. Touch for map. Located in the back of the Waterford Mill. Marker is in this post office area: Waterford VA 20197, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. How it Works (here, next to this marker); Waterford - An Old Mill Town (a few steps from this marker); Independent Loudoun Virginia Rangers (within shouting distance of this marker); Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Loudoun County (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Tin Shop (approx. 0.2 miles away); Waterford (approx. 0.3 miles away); Waterford Baptist Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Paeonian Springs Station (approx. 3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Waterford.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays two photographs:
Bates' Mill, 1905 This photograph, featured on a 1905 postcard, shows additions made to the rear of the mill in the 1880s, with the mill race and pond in the foreground.

The second photo shows "Teams of horses such as this brought flour produced at the mill to
Waterford Mill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 15, 2007
3. Waterford Mill
railway and canal stations for export to market."
 
Also see . . .
1. Waterford Mill. The mill is a stop on a walking tour of Waterford. (Submitted on December 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Waterford's Mill Ledger. Portions of the 1849 mill ledger reveal interesting bits of information. Of note was the milling of both flour and plaster, what we might call lime today for conditioning soil. Also note the transport of the finished product to Point of Rocks, MD for shipment. (Submitted on December 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
The Water Wheel and Mill Race image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 15, 2007
4. The Water Wheel and Mill Race
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 607 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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