Paterson in Passaic County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Allied Textile Printing Site
The Allied Textile Printing (ATP) Site is a 7.5 acre portion of the Great Falls of Paterson/S.U.M. Historic District. Toward the end of the eighteenth century, the newly established United States sought to increase its economic as well as political independence from Europe. In 1791, Alexander Hamilton and other men of influence chartered a company, the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (S.U.M.), for that purpose. Their strategy included harnessing the natural power of the Great Falls for the production of manufactured goods. In so doing, the S.U.M. created the nationís first planned industrial development on the banks of the Passaic River.
On April 1, 2009 President Obama signed into law the Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park Act. This new unit of the National Park Service will be managed by a partnership between the National Park Service and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection in collaboration with the City of Paterson and other local interests. The Great Falls National Park designation, along with a long-term plan for restoration and development in the surrounding neighborhoods, helps set the stage for private investment that can help revitalize Paterson.
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Several pictures appear on the marker. The captions are as follows:
From above the Great
The terrace at the south end of the site was the first location that permitted the return of water back to the river. This is thought to be the site of the early sawmill and the millerís house. Both of these buildings were small by todayís standards, with an approximately 20 feet-square sawmill and a 2½ story millerís house made of square-cut logs. These buildings were connected to each other and the rest of the complex by a rough road of stone and logs.
The mid-eighteenth century also saw the establishment of the Todd & Raftery's Machine Company on the Passaic riverbank. The larger machine works, later referred to as Todd Mill included a foundry, blacksmith shops, and various support buildings. The Todd Machine Shop supplied textile making machinery, steam engines and all types of manufacturing machinery to Pattersonís mills as well as factories across America and across the world. The business closed down in the mid-1890ís.
The Colt Gun Mill was built in 1836 by Samuel Coltís company, the Patent
Silk weaving and the dyeing and finishing of fabric were the primary industries in Paterson during the 20th century. In 1938 Allied Textile Printers, Inc. was formed through the merger of several small to mid-sized textile interests in Paterson. The Standard Dyeing & Finishing Company was established in the 1960ís from ATP assets, and occupied the large dye houses at the south of the complex. Financial problems forced the termination of all operations in 1982. Fire, time, and the elements have reduced the once thriving industrial complex to its current state.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is located in Haines Overlook Park. Marker is in this post office area: Paterson NJ 07501, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The 1914 S.U.M. Great Falls Power Plant (within shouting distance of this marker); Harry B. Haines Memorial Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Great Falls of the Passaic/S.U.M. Historic District (within shouting distance of this marker); Great Falls of Paterson on the Passaic (within shouting distance of this marker); Overlook Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Captain Eric M. Graupe (within shouting distance of this marker); Passaic Falls (within shouting distance of this marker); Great Falls Hydroelectric Station (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Paterson.
More about this marker. The background of the marker contains a map of the complex showing the Historical Mill Buildings and the Mill Complex Footprint in 1983. The site of the marker is shown on the map, as well as the Passaic River; Middle and Lower Raceways; Colt Gun Mill; Mallory Mill; Waverly Mill; Passaic Mill and Todd Mill.
Categories. • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 6, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 461 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 6, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.