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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestinian Territories — The Middle East
 

Nativity Church

 
 
Nativity Church Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
1. Nativity Church Marker
Inscription.
(Arabic inscription precedes English inscription)

The oldest church in use, the Nativity Church is home to the birthplace of Jesus Christ. The Byzantine Queen Helena inaugurated the construction of a Basilica at the Nativity in 339 A.D. at the site where the Roman Emperor Hadrian had built a shrine dedicated to Adonis. The Basilica was destroyed and rebuilt by Emperor Justinian in 531 A.D. and reinforced to its present fortress shape by Tancrea in 1169 A.D. During Ottoman rule, the main entrance was reduced to the existing small door in order to prevent horsemen from entering the church while riding.

The whole complex includes Greek and Armenian monasteries, the Church of Saint Catherine, the cloister of Saint Jerome; in the basement of the Basilica are monastic caves, and the Grotto of the Nativity.
 
Location. 31° 42.256′ N, 35° 12.44′ E. Marker is in Bethlehem, West Bank. Marker can be reached from Wad Ma'Ali Street south of Manger Road. Touch for map. Marker is in the courtyard, on the north wall of the church/basilica. It is accessible east of Manger Square and Wad Ma'Ali Street, between Manger Road on the north and Milk Grotto Street/Route 3686 on the south. Marker is at or near this postal address: Manger Square, Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestinian Territories.
 
Other nearby markers.
Nativity Church Marker - visible on the courtyard wall, center right image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
2. Nativity Church Marker - visible on the courtyard wall, center right
At least 8 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ketef Hinnom (approx. 7.4 kilometers away in Israel); Latin Dedicatory Inscription (approx. 7.6 kilometers away in Israel); The Pool of Shiloah (Siloam) (approx. 7.8 kilometers away in Israel); The Water System (approx. 8.1 kilometers away in Israel); The House of Ahiel (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel); The Burnt Room and the House of the Bullae (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel); The Large Stone Structure (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel); The Royal Quarter (Area G) (approx. 8.2 kilometers away in Israel).
 
Also see . . .
1. Church of the Nativity. (Submitted on July 17, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Bethlehem Municipality. (Submitted on July 17, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
 
Additional keywords. Roman Catholic; Greek Orthodox; Armenian Apostolic; Basilica; Manger Square; Pilgrims
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.Notable PlacesPolitics
 
Close-up of the "Door of Humility" - entrance to the Nativity Church's Greek Orthodox nave image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
3. Close-up of the "Door of Humility" - entrance to the Nativity Church's Greek Orthodox nave
Nativity Church interior: Greek Orthodox iconostasis image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
4. Nativity Church interior: Greek Orthodox iconostasis
Nativity Church: 4th Century mosaics revealed under the modern nave's wooden floor image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
5. Nativity Church: 4th Century mosaics revealed under the modern nave's wooden floor
Nativity Church: view of altar near entrance to the grotto and Jesus' birthplace image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
6. Nativity Church: view of altar near entrance to the grotto and Jesus' birthplace
Roman Catholic Chapel of the Manger in the Grotto of the Nativity image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
7. Roman Catholic Chapel of the Manger in the Grotto of the Nativity
"The Call of David": plaque commemorating Pope Benedict XVI's pilgrimage to the Manger Chapel image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
8. "The Call of David": plaque commemorating Pope Benedict XVI's pilgrimage to the Manger Chapel
in 2009 and his blessing of the relief sculpture by Czeslaw Dzwigaj illustrating the fulfillment of promises made to King David in the incarnation of the Son of God.
The Palestinian Frontier - signage on the road between Jerusalem to Bethlehem image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, May 25, 2011
9. The Palestinian Frontier - signage on the road between Jerusalem to Bethlehem
reflecting the ongoing political problems between Israel and the Palastinian [sic] Territories.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,493 times since then and 98 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on July 17, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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