Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Howard School Site
Erected 1988 by The Howard School Community Club and the Arsenal Hill Concerned Citizens Club. (Marker Number 40-111.)
Location. 34° 0.31′ N, 81° 3′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker is on Laurel Street near Williams Street, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia SC 29201, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Richard Samuel Roberts House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Randolph Cemetery (approx. 0.3 miles away); George Elmore (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fleishman Family Chapel (approx. 0.4 miles away); Benjamin Franklin Randolph Monument (approx. Cemetery of the Columbia Hebrew Benevolent Society (approx. 0.4 miles away); Arsenal Hill (approx. 0.4 miles away); Entrance to Cemetery of the Columbia Hebrew Benevolent Society (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Regarding Howard School Site. Oliver Otis Howard
Known as the "Christian general" because he tried to base his policy decisions on his deep religious piety, he was given charge of the Freedmen's Bureau in mid 1865, with the mission of integrating the freed slaves into Southern society and politics during the second phase of the Reconstruction Era. Howard took charge of labor policy, setting up a system that required free slaves to work on former plantation land under pay scales fixed by the Bureau, on terms negotiated by the Bureau with white land owners. Howard's Bureau was primarily responsible for the legal affairs of the Freedmen. He attempted to protect the negros from hostile conditions, but lacked adequate power, and was repeatedly frustrated by President Andrew Johnson. Howard's allies, the Radical Republicans, won control of Congress in the 1866 elections and imposed Radical Reconstruction
Also see . . .
1. The Freedmen's Bureau, Wikipedia entry. The Bureau was part of the United States Department of War. Headed by Union Army General Oliver O. Howard, the Bureau was operational from 1865 to 1871. It was disbanded under President Ulysses S. Grant. (Submitted on August 21, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
2. Oliver Otis Howard. November 8, 1830 – October 26, 1909 was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was a corps commander noted for suffering two humiliating defeats, at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, but he recovered from the setbacks while posted in the Western Theater, and served there successfully as a corps and army commander. (Submitted on August 24, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Categories. • African Americans • Education •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 21, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 399 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 23, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 5. submitted on August 24, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.