Rome in Metropolitan City of Rome, Lazio, Italy — Central Italy (Tyrrhenian Coast)
Vittorio Emanuele II
—[Capitoline Hill] —
Vittorio Emanuele II
secc. XIX-XX Architetti: G. Sacconi, P. Piacentini, G. Koch, M. Manfredi
Renderings of the Monument:
[Left column - Text in Italian…]
Right column - Text in English:
The Monument to Vittorio Emanuele IInd is situated in the Campitelli district which was the site of many great undertakings throughout the centuries. Nowadays, not many people actually live here, for the blocks of houses covering the slopes of the Capitoline Hill were gradually done away over areas and from 1870 on, the district has always been of the utmost importance in terms of the city’s politics and religious functions: as early as the VIth cent. B.C., the “Tepio di Giove Capitolino” (the Temple of Jupiter on the Capitol) was located here. Very few remains survive of this temple or of any other sacred buildings built on the hill, on account of the endless rebuilding schemes (the remains of an “insula romana” and of the Medieval Church of Saint Biagio in Mercato can still be seen to the right of the Vittorio Emanuele Monument).
In Medieval times what was once the heart of Ancient Rome was left in a state of abandon for many years; radical changes
The trapezoidal area at the top of the hill was opened up towards the west, making room for a large square, and an equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius was placed there: a number of buildings were arranged all around the square and an immense stairway was built running parallel to the existing XIIIth cent. stairway of the Church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli.
When Rome became the Capital City of the New State in 1870, the first building schemes were drawn up specially for this district and its hill, which represented the ideological remains dating from all sorts of different ages, and so, when it came to building new structures in the 19th cent., all too often the question of what to do with the ancient buildings had to be faced, usually ending up with the demolition of important ancient remains to make way for new constructions. From 1885 until 1943, a result of work undertaken to build the Vittoriano Monument, as well as for the opening up of the Via dei Fori Imperiali and the Via del Mare, and the stripping of all trees from the hill,
The Vittorio Emanuele IInd Monument was built right in the middle of the most important hub of the whole city. It had been designed by Sacconi in 1884. When Sacconi died in 1905 the great, white “typewriter” was still not finished and the project was assigned for completion to a group of architects and designers composed of G. Koch, P. Piacentini and M. Manfredi. The inauguration took place in 1911, even though the decorative elements were only properly completed in 1927 with the placing of the sculpted “quadriga”
Erected by Ministero Per I Beni E La Attivia Culturali - Presidenza Del Consiglio Dei Ministri Dipartimento Del Turismo.
Soprintendenza Arceologica di Roma - Soprintendenza ai Beni Ambientali e Architettonici di Roma
Comune Di Roma – Assessorato alle Politche Culturali – Sovraintendenza Comunale ai Beni Culturali – Assessorato al Turismo e Giubileo
Azienda di Promozione Turistica di Roma.
Location. 41° 53.72′ N, 12° 28.949′ E. Marker is in Rome, Lazio, in Metropolitan City of Rome. Marker is at the intersection of Piazza Venezia and Via di San Marco when traveling east on Piazza Venezia. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Rome, Lazio 00153, Italy.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Shrine of Venus Cloacina / Sacello di Venere Cloacina (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Forum Square (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Tabernae at the Front of the Basilica Aemilia (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Roman Forum. History of the Excavations (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Altar of Caesar / Ara di Cesare (approx. half a kilometer away); Basilica Aemilia Entablature / Trabeazione (approx. half a kilometer away); Roman Forum (approx. half a kilometer away); a different marker also named Roman Forum (approx. half a kilometer away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rome.
Also see . . .
1. Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. Victor Emanuel II (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was king of Sardinia from 1849 and, on 17 March 1861, he assumed the title King of Italy to become the first king of a united Italy, a title he held until his death in 1878. The Italians gave him the epithet Father of the Fatherland (Italian: Padre della Patria). (Submitted on September 4, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Wars of Italian Independence. (Submitted on September 4, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Victor Emanuel II; 'Il Vittoriano'; Roman Forum; antiquities
Categories. • Notable Persons • Notable Places • Politics •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 3, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 774 times since then. Last updated on September 21, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 3, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3. submitted on September 4, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 4. submitted on September 21, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.