Springfield in Sangamon County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Old State Capitol
During the 1840s and 1850s the building dominated Springfield's square and became a center of public life. Benefit dinners and other civic affairs took place in its rooms. The Legislative Chambers were the scene of frequent political meetings. Cultural programs often accompanied Legislative sessions, which attracted citizens from throughout Illinois to the Capitol City.
Abraham Lincoln frequented the building from 1839 until he departed in 1861 to assume the Presidency. As a lawyer, he often practiced before the Illinois Supreme Court. Lincoln delivered several important speeches, including the 1858 "House Divided" address in Representatives' Hall. The Governor's room served as his informal headquarters during the 1860 Presidential Campaign. In 1865 citizens paid their last respects to the assassinated President in Representatives' Hall before burial at Oak Ridge Cemetery.
In 1875, a new Statehouse replaced the Old State Capitol which became the Sangamon County Courthouse. Legislation passed in 1961 led to the State's purchase and reconstruction of the building to its Lincoln-era appearance. The three-year project was completed in 1969.
Erected 1991 by The Illinois State Historical Society and the Illinois Department of Transportation.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Illinois State Historical Society marker series.
Location. 39° 48.043′ N, 89° 38.889′ W. Marker is in Springfield, Illinois, in Sangamon County. Marker is at the intersection of South Sixth Street and East Adams Street, on the left when traveling north on South Sixth Street. Touch for map. The Old State Capitol is surrounded on 3 sides by one-way streets; the 4th "street", East Adams, is closed off to traffic and is considered the Old State Capitol Plaza. Marker is in this post office area: Springfield IL 62701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Lincoln Boys in 1854 (a few steps from this marker); Streetscape 1859 (a few steps from this marker); Cook's Hall (a few steps from this marker); Corneau & Diller Drug Store (a few steps from this marker); Lincoln's Springfield (within shouting distance of this marker); In Their Springfield Prime (within shouting distance of this marker); Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices The Bath & Barber Shop (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Springfield.
More about this marker. The marker is located inside the fence surrounding the Old State Capitol on the southeast side of the lot.
Regarding Old State Capitol. In February 2007, Senator Barack Obama announced his candidacy for the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Describing his working life in Illinois, and symbolically linking his presidential campaign to Abraham Lincoln's 1858 House Divided speech, Obama said: "That is why, in the shadow of the Old State Capitol, where Lincoln once called on a house divided to stand together, where common hopes and common dreams still live, I stand before you today to announce my candidacy for President of the United States of America."
Also see . . .
1. Video Tour of State Capital. The entire Illinois State Government was run out of this building. Across the street is where Lincoln practiced Law. Tours both locations. (Submitted on June 12, 2008, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.)
2. Travel with Lincoln. Climb into Lincolnís buggy and take (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana.)
Categories. • Landmarks • Notable Buildings • Notable Persons • Patriots & Patriotism • Politics •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 19, 2008, by Angie Shaffer of Springfield, Illinois. This page has been viewed 2,456 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 19, 2008, by Angie Shaffer of Springfield, Illinois. 6. submitted on October 10, 2008, by Al Wolf of Veedersburg, Indiana. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.