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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Old Marine Hospital

 
 
Old Marine Hospital Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, October 6, 2011
1. Old Marine Hospital Marker
Listed in the National Register November 7, 1973;
Designated a National Historic Landmark November 7, 1973.
Inscription.
Has Been Designated a
National
Historic Landmark

This Site Possesses National Significance
in Commemorating the History of the
United States of America

1974
National Park Service
United States Department of the Interior
(Marker Number 73001690.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 32° 46.679′ N, 79° 56.25′ W. Marker is in Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker is on Franklin Street near Poulnot Lane, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 20 Franklin Street, Charleston SC 29401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Jenkins Orphanage (here, next to this marker); United States Marine Hospital (a few steps from this marker); First Medical College of South Carolina Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Fielding Home for Funerals (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Moore-Trapman-Wragg House (about 800 feet away); Pollitzer House
Old Marine Hospital Marker, upper, shares location with Jenkins Orphanage Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, October 6, 2011
2. Old Marine Hospital Marker, upper, shares location with Jenkins Orphanage Marker
(about 800 feet away); Philip Porcher House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cooper - O'Conner House (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charleston.
 
Regarding Old Marine Hospital. National Register of Historic Places:
Old Marine Hospital*** (added 1973 - - #73001690)
20 Franklin St. , Charleston
♦ Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering
♦ Architect, builder, or engineer: Mills,Robert
♦ Architectural Style: Gothic Revival
♦ Area of Significance: Architecture
♦ Period of Significance: 1825-1849
♦ Historic Function: Health Care
♦ Historic Sub-function: Hospital
♦ Current Function: Government

Robert Mills, the well-known federal architect, created a structure of charm and delicacy in Charleston’s Marine Hospital. The structure, constructed ca. 1833, is two stories above a raised basement. The roof is hipped and a double-tiered porch is located over an arcaded basement. The façade is seven bays wide. The subtle Gothic style with the token pointed arches, pointed windows, and the clustered columns, then was considered a fitting kind of environment for hospitals,
Old Marine Hospital, seen along Franklin Street image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, October 6, 2011
3. Old Marine Hospital, seen along Franklin Street
which were associated with medieval monasteries. Even the double-tiered porch railing follows a medieval motif. The main entrance door has large fanlight and sidelights. The porticoes were an adaptation to climate and acted as weather controls. The building was originally double its present size, with two long wings projecting from the rear. These were removed because of extensive fire damage before the building was restored. Mills erected a number of marine hospitals around the country on much the same plan. They were established to take care of grounded seamen who became public charges. Listed in the National Register November 7, 1973; Designated a National Historic Landmark November 7, 1973.(South Carolina Department of Archives and History)
 
Also see . . .  Old Marine Hospital, From Wikipedia. Gothic revival building ... in Charleston, South Carolina. It was built for sick sailors and other transient persons. (Submitted on October 13, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Notable Buildings
 
Old Marine Hospital backside view image. Click for full size.
South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 2006
4. Old Marine Hospital backside view
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 13, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 344 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 13, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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