“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Camden in Kershaw County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Prisoners of War

Prisoners of War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
1. Prisoners of War Marker
Inscription. Captured Americans were confined in Camden throughout the British occupation. When the American army approached the town in August 1780, British troops locked the town’s patriot leaders in the jail (located on the southeast corner of Broad and King Streets) as a precaution against revolt. After the Battle of Camden, hundreds of captured American soldiers were brought to town and confined in wooden pens. Most were later sent to Charleston.

Constant fighting in the backcountry brought a steady stream of captives to Camden’s jail. Many were exchanged for British soldiers who had been captured by the Americans. A few who had broken their oath of allegiance to Britain were hanged for treason. Teenaged Andrew Jackson, future President of the United States, was a prisoner in Camden in 1781.

“It was an inclosure like those for cows or pigs, and within, sitting or stretched on the bare earth, with no protection from the sun, were hundreds of unhappy prisoners.” Mrs. Thomas McCalla, wife of an American prisoner, September 1780
Location. 34° 14.095′ N, 80° 36.105′ W. Marker is in Camden, South Carolina, in Kershaw County. Marker can be reached from Broad Street. Touch for map. The marker is located in the Historic Camden
Overview image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody
2. Overview
Kershaw House can be seen in the back ground
Revolutionary Battle Site. Marker is in this post office area: Camden SC 29020, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Kershaw House (a few steps from this marker); Joseph Kershaw (1728-1791) (within shouting distance of this marker); Southeast Redoubt (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Common (about 400 feet away); Citizen - Soldiers (about 500 feet away); Northeast Redoubt (about 700 feet away); Palisade Wall (about 700 feet away); The Fortified Post (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Camden.
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
3. Picture on the marker
Charleston, S. C. in 1780

The British housed some American prisoners in Charleston’s Exchange Building. One of the captives confined there, Colonel Isaac Hayne of the South Carolina militia, had taken an oath of allegiance to Britain. However, as the South Carolina Royal Gazette reported, he was later captured “in arms … at the Head of a Rebel Regiment.” He was tried by military tribunal and hanged “as a Traitor” on August 4, 1781. Exchange Building, Charles Town, 1780. Courtesy of South Carolina Historical Society.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 3, 2011, by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 386 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 3, 2011, by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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