New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
† † † Rich in history, the plain of Claremont Playground has been the site of a Revolutionary War battle, a country estate, a fashionable inn, and a childrenís recreation area. This was the scene of fierce combat during the Battle of Harlem Heights, fought on September 16, 1776. Michael Hogan, a former British Consul in Havana, purchased land here in 1806 and built the Federal-style Claremont Mansion (for which Claremont Avenue is named). Possible sources of the name are the elevated siteís scenic outlook; Hoganís birthplace in County Clare, Ireland; and the title of his friend Prince William, Duke of Clarence, who would ascend the English throne as King William IV in 1830.
† † † After a series of owners, the mansion came to be used as a popular roadside inn by 1860. The City acquired the property in 1873 for the development of Riverside Park and continued to operate the inn. At the turn of the century, the Claremont Inn and its formal gardens attracted visits from numerous politicians, military officials, socialites, and entertainers including President William McKinley, Admiral George Dewey, Lillian Russell, and members of the Morgan, Vanderbilt, and Whitney families. By 1907 it was a public restaurant, serving house specialties like curry of chicken Claremont to such notables as Cole Porter, George S. Kaufman, George M.
† † † There are an impressive array of monuments and structures near the playground. To the west, the Amiable Child Monument (1797) marks the grave of St. Claire Pollock, the five-year-old boy who fell to his death on nearby rocks or drowned in the Hudson River. To the south stands majestic Grantís Tomb, designed by architect John Duncan and sculptor John Massey Rhind. The neoclassical structure, modeled on the tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus, was dedicated in memory of U.S. President and General Ulysses S. Grant on April 27, 1897. Other nearby landmarks include the Riverside Viaduct (1901), Sakura Park (acquired in 1896), and a tablet presented by representatives of the Chinese empire in memory of General Grant (1897).
† † † The Claremont-Sakura Playground Association was founded in 1994, with assistance from Riverside Park Fund, to improve and maintain the area. Their efforts helped secure the $635,000 capital reconstruction of Claremont Playground, which was funded by the Manhattan Borough President in 1996. The reconstruction project was completed in 1998. It included installing new play equipment, safety surfacing, pavements and curbs, benches, and gates; reconstructing the drainage and water systems; and planting
† † † The playgroundís water and wildlife theme was inspired by the history and environment of the Hudson River Valley. Decorations include medallions of native fauna and a weathervane shaped like a peregrine falcon. The spray shower and three play animals are dolphins, which are not native to the Hudson River but have been sighted in the region on rare occasions since the settlement of New Amsterdam in 1624. A boat-shaped sandbox with a seahorse figurehead and a compass rosette depicting the historic Sloop Clearwater help visitors navigate a course through the playground.
City of New York Parks & Recreation
Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor
Adrian Benepe, Commissioner
Erected 1998 by City of New York Parks & Recreation.
Location. 40° 48.891′ N, 73° 57.735′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker can be reached from Riverside Drive, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located north of Grant's Tomb. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10027, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Site of the Claremont Inn (within shouting distance of this marker); Sakura Park (about 500 feet away, measured Tomb of General U.S. Grant (about 500 feet away); Japanese Lantern (about 500 feet away); Horace Porter (about 700 feet away); Fredík D. Grant (about 700 feet away); The Amiable Child Monument (about 700 feet away); General Grant Memorial (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 29, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 448 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on March 29, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.