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Glens Falls in Warren County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battles of Saratoga - 1777

Historic New York

 
 
The Battles of Saratoga - 1777 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 27, 2012
1. The Battles of Saratoga - 1777 Marker
Inscription.
          One of the most decisive battles in world history ended with the surrender near here of the British army invading from Canada under General “Gentleman Johnny” Burgoyne in 1777. The defeat ended a summer-long campaign by over 7,000 British, Hessian mercenaries, and Indians to capture Albany and then split the colonies in a drive south.

          Americans under Major General Philip Schuyler slowed the advance, and his successor, Major General Horatio Gates, stopped it in battles fought September 19 and October 7 in the area now within Saratoga National Historical Park. News of the surrender treaty signed October 17 raised American morale and led to the Franco-American Alliance which brought badly needed French troops to the cause.
 
Erected 1974 by New York State American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, NY State Education Dept., Department of Transportation.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Historic New York marker series.
 
Location. 43° 16.441′ N, 73° 40.618′ W. Marker is in Glens Falls, New York, in Warren County. Marker is on Interstate 87, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located in a rest area on I-87. Marker is in this post office area: Glens Falls NY 12801, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
The Battles of Saratoga - 1777 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 27, 2012
2. The Battles of Saratoga - 1777 Marker
At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Glens Falls Area (approx. 0.2 miles away); Civil War Monument (approx. 3 miles away); Korean War Monument (approx. 3.3 miles away); Peace and Victory Monument (approx. 3.5 miles away); Gen. Henry Knox Trail (approx. 3.5 miles away); Half Way Brook (approx. 3.7 miles away); a different marker also named Half Way Brook (approx. 3.9 miles away); Old Quaker Burying Ground (approx. 4.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Glens Falls.
 
Also see . . .
1. Account of the Battle of Saratoga. (Submitted on June 27, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. A British perspective on the Battle of Saratoga from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on June 28, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
3. Wikipedia Entry for John Burgoyne. “Trapped by superior American forces, with no relief in sight, Burgoyne surrendered his entire army of 6,200 men on 17 October 1777. His surrender, says historian Edmund Morgan, ‘was a great turning point of the war, because it won for Americans the foreign assistance which was the last element needed for victory.’” (Submitted on October 14, 2017.) 

4. Wikipedia Entry for Philip Schuyler. “He prepared the Continental Army’s defense of the 1777 Saratoga campaign,
The Battles of Saratoga - 1777 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 27, 2012
3. The Battles of Saratoga - 1777 Marker
but was replaced by General Horatio Gates as the commander of Continental forces in the theater.” (Submitted on October 14, 2017.) 

5. Wikipedia Entry for Horatio Gates. “Gates assumed command of the Northern Department on August 19 and led the army during the defeat of British General Burgoyne’s invasion in the Battles of Saratoga. While Gates and his supporters took credit for the victory, military action was directed by a cohort of field commanders led by Benedict Arnold, Enoch Poor, Benjamin Lincoln, and Daniel Morgan. Arnold in particular took the field against Gates’ orders and rallied the troops in a furious attack on the British lines, suffering serious injuries to his leg. John Stark’s defeat of a sizable British raiding force at the Battle of Bennington—Stark’s forces killed or captured over 900 British soldiers—was also a substantial factor in the outcome at Saratoga.” (Submitted on October 14, 2017.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
“Surrender of General Burgoyne” image. Click for full size.
Oil by John Trumbull in the United States Capitol, 1821
4. “Surrender of General Burgoyne”
The central figure is American General Horatio Gates. From left to right: American Captain Seymour (mounted), American Colonel Scammel (in blue), British Major General William Phillips, British Lieutenant General John Burgoyne, Gates, and American Colonel Daniel Morgan (in white). A full key to all faces can be found on this page at AmericanRevolution.org.
British General John Burgoyne (1722–1792) image. Click for full size.
Oil by Joshua Reynolds in the Frick Museum, 1766
5. British General John Burgoyne (1722–1792)
General Horatio Lloyd Gates (1727–1806) image. Click for full size.
Copy by James Peale after oil by Charles Willson Peale, 1782
6. General Horatio Lloyd Gates (1727–1806)
General Philip John Schuyler (1733–1804) image. Click for full size.
Jacob H. Lazarus’ copy of miniature by John Trumbull, 1881
7. General Philip John Schuyler (1733–1804)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 14, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 27, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 895 times since then and 119 times this year. This page was the Marker of the Week October 15, 2017. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 27, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on October 14, 2017, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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